(redirected from duellist)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.


duel, prearranged armed fight with deadly weapons, usually swords or pistols, between two persons concerned with a point of honor. The duel may have originated in the wager of battle, an early mode of trial in which an accused person fought with his accuser under judicial supervision (see ordeal). In 887, Pope Stephen VI prohibited the judicial duel and all forms of ordeal. Wager of battle was abolished in France in the mid-16th cent., and the duel of honor in part took its place. This institution, which emerged in the Italian Renaissance, spread to France and then to Great Britain and other European countries. It evolved in the 16th cent. and was very closely linked with the code of chivalry). Codified in various countries in the late 18th and early 19th cents., the duel of honor became a rare practice after World War I.

To initiate a duel the offended party would present a challenge to fight, which had to be accepted or the person challenged would be dishonored. Negotiations were conducted by seconds, who also observed the combat to see that all agreements of the complex ceremony were observed. The object of a duel was not necessarily to kill, and in most cases after the firing of a prescribed number of shots or drawing blood the fight would be stopped. Although dueling was opposed by the rulers and churches of various countries, it long persisted among aristocrats, army officers, and others. German students were especially noted for their duels. Duels were quite common in the United States, some fought by prominent Americans. For example, Alexander Hamilton was killed in a duel with Aaron Burr, and Andrew Jackson took part in several duels. In the United States, dueling persisted longest in the Southern states and on the Western frontier. Dueling today has been made illegal by statute in most countries. Killing in the course of a duel is usually considered willful murder, and all persons aiding the principals are guilty with them.


See studies by J. Atkinson (1964), R. Baldrick (1965), V. G. Kiernan (1986), K. McAleer (1994), J. B. Freeman (2001), B. Holland (2003), and J. Landale (2006).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2022, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.


a prearranged combat with deadly weapons between two people following a formal procedure in the presence of seconds and traditionally fought until one party was wounded or killed, usually to settle a quarrel involving a point of honour
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005


A front end to gdb by Michael Golan <mg@cs.princeton.edu>. DUEL implements a language designed for debugging C programs. It features efficient ways to select and display data items. It is normally linked into the gdb executable, but could stand alone. It interprets a subset of C in addition to its own language.

Version 1.10.

This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (foldoc.org)
References in periodicals archive ?
The Duellists emphasizes duality as it explores Conrad's motifs of the secret sharer and the Doppelgiinger.
Blair Cremin, head of club development at Scottish Fencing, said: "Elgin Duellist Fencing Club is a model example of what a great community club looks like.
Scott, on the other hand, was a hugely successful and pervasive force in TV advertising, long before "The Duellists," "Alien," "Blade Runner" or any of the other pictures that mark his singular career in cinema.
Invincible Soul is a nice horse who might need the race a little bit but is in good form." Mark Johnston, trainer of Karaka Jack and Duellist "The big issue with these two is whether they can transfer the handicap rating they have earned on the all-weather to turf.
NAOMI MATTHEW: 4.35 Tag Team, 5.05 Exceed Power, 5.35 Blue Bajan (nb), 6.05 Duellist, 6.35 Tiradito (nap), 7.05 Carnival Dream, 7.35 Straight Face, 8.05 Admiral Bond.
Where the plot will lead is not clear, but we see gathering a rich mix of O'Brian characters, from the irascible Admiral Lord Leyton to the sinister duellist Captain Miller.
Steely, dashing and affable, fencer James Williams matches perfectly the image of an Olympic duellist.
He had starring roles in films like Ridley Scott's The Duellists, Alan Rudolph's Choose Me and Louis Malle's Pretty Baby before he even turned 30.
As the duellists drew swords, the Englishman's horse stumbled; he was thrown or pulled off by his opponent and captured.
There's a fair amount of buzz around Duellists, who play the Atlantic Bar in Portrush tonight, should you be up that neck of the woods.
"The Duellists" (1977): Having worked on thousands of commercials before this dazzling film debut, for which he was honored at Cannes, Scott revealed a rich visual style that appeared fully formed out of the gate in this tale set during the Napoleonic Wars.