Dumdum

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Dumdum

(dŭm`dəm), four towns in Suburban Kolkata (Calcutta), West Bengal state, E central India. South Dumdum (1991 pop. 230,507) is a residential area of the northern edge of metropolitan Kolkata, while North Dumdum (1991 pop. 151,298) contains several large rural enclaves. The Dumdum Aerodrome Area (1991 pop. 5,012) is the site of Kolkata's international airport. The town of Dumdum (1991 pop. 40,961), founded in 1783, has iron- and steelworks, glass and soap factories, and engineering works. In the 19th cent. its arsenal was the first to manufacture lead-nosed bullets that spread on impact, inflicting a tearing wound. In 1905, Great Britain acceded to the prohibition of dumdum bullets adopted by the first Hague Conference in 1899.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Dumdum

 

an exploding bullet with a cross-like incision or cavity in the head. These bullets were first used by the British Army in the Boer War of 1899-1902. They inflict severe wounds in which the exit opening is considerably larger than the entry opening. The bullet was named for the suburb of Dum Dum in Calcutta, India, where the cartridge factory that made the bullets for the British was located. Several armies, not including the Russian and Soviet armies, perfected mushrooming bullets and used them in World Wars I and II.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

dumdum

[′dəm‚dəm]
(ordnance)
A bullet that flattens excessively on contact, or one especially designed to flatten excessively.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
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The second charge of conspiracy theorists is that Goodwin was shot with a dumdum bullet, that is, a bullet designed to expand or mushroom on impact and create wounds more deadly than those of a military bullet.
Although it is unlikely that international policymakers would consider sweeping new controls on the conventional arms trade, it is not unrealistic to propose additions or modifications to the two existing measures in this field the ban on dumdum bullets and the inhumane weapons convention.
The pair also had a huge cache of ammunition, including dumdum bullets banned by the Geneva Convention.
They raided his house in Lambeth, South London, and found seven cartridges and three dumdum bullets.
A former member of the anti-tank platoon, known as 027, has already alleged that colleagues used illegal dumdum bullets and deliberately shot unarmed civilians in the city on January 30, 1972.
Others were hit by dumdum bullets - designed to explode inside the body.
He made a statement in New York in 1975 claiming he saw Paras fire dumdum bullets, shoot unarmed men and others with their hands in the air, finish off a wounded man and ignore orders to cease fire.