Dura

(redirected from dural)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.
Related to dural: Dural ectasia, dural sac, dural sinus

Dura,

in the Bible, plain, near Babylon, where Nebuchadnezzar set up a golden image.

Dura

(do͝or`ə) or

Europus

(yo͝orō`pəs), ancient city of Syria, E of PalmyraPalmyra
, ancient city of central Syria. A small modern village known as Tudmor or Tadmor (the Syrian Arabic name of Palmyra) is nearby; residents were relocated from the ancient site in the early 1930s.
..... Click the link for more information.
 on a plateau above the Euphrates River. It is also called Dura-Europos or Dura-Europus. Founded (c.300 B.C.) by a general of Seleucus ISeleucus I
(Seleucus Nicator) , d. 280 B.C., king of ancient Syria. An able general of Alexander the Great, he played a leading part in the wars of the Diadochi. In the new partition of the empire in 312 B.C. he received Babylonia.
..... Click the link for more information.
, it prospered. In the 2d cent. A.D. the Parthians took Dura, and in A.D. 165 it was taken by Rome. It remained a Roman city until it was seized (c.A.D. 257) by Shapur I of Persia. Dura was then abandoned to the desert. Excavations since Dura was rediscovered by accident in 1920 have yielded rich finds, supplying much information on life, history, and art in Mesopotamia from Hellenistic through Roman times. The site was extensively looted, however, during the Syrian civil war. The name is also spelled Doura. The modern village of Salihiye is on the site.

Bibliography

See M. I. Rostovtzeff et al., Excavations at Dura-Europos (reports, 1929–59); M. I. Rostovtzeff, Dura-Europos and Its Art (1938).

References in periodicals archive ?
2],[10] The mechanism of IH and subsequent SDH is currently considered to be due to continuous CSF leak after dural tear; subsequent cerebral hypotension with caudal displacement of the shifting brain structures then results in subdural drainage veins to stretch and tear.
Intracranial dural arteriovenous fistula associated with progressive cervical myelopathy and normal venous drainage of the thoracolumbar cord: Case report and review of the literature.
Epidural blood patch in post dural puncture headache: a randomised, observer-blind, controlled clinical trial.
DuraGen Plus Dural Regeneration Matrix is indicated as a dural substitute for the repair of dura mater.
The ideal dural substitute should prevent cerebrospinal fluid leaks, have strength and flexibility similar to human dura matter, present little or no risk of infection and not induce a severe inflammatory response," said Frederick F.
2 PDPH develops due to a loss of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from the location of the dural rupture towards the epidural area.
The condylar veins can be used as access routes to hypoglossal dural arteriovenous fistulas.
The origin of dural chondromas is more controversial.
Dural, 66, is originally from Lafayette, Louisiana, and grew up in a house where he heard accordion music "24-7.
Non-parenchymal CNS involvement mainly presents with intracranial hypertension due to dural sinus thrombosis.
We accessed four databases (the American Academy of Neurology, The Cochrane Library, PubMed, CINAHL) and used several search strings: "spinal puncture, post lumbar, dural, postdural, puncture, needle"; "headache, back pain, backache"; "bed rest, posture, immobilization, early ambulation"; and "caffeine/therapeutic use.
The dispersion of the number of dural sinus thrombosis was also noted (Table-3).