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Related to dural: Dural ectasia, dural sac, dural sinus


in the Bible, plain, near Babylon, where Nebuchadnezzar set up a golden image.


(do͝or`ə) or


(yo͝orō`pəs), ancient city of Syria, E of PalmyraPalmyra
, ancient city of central Syria. A small modern village known as Tudmor or Tadmor (the Syrian Arabic name of Palmyra) is nearby; residents were relocated from the ancient site in the early 1930s.
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 on a plateau above the Euphrates River. It is also called Dura-Europos or Dura-Europus. Founded (c.300 B.C.) by a general of Seleucus ISeleucus I
(Seleucus Nicator) , d. 280 B.C., king of ancient Syria. An able general of Alexander the Great, he played a leading part in the wars of the Diadochi. In the new partition of the empire in 312 B.C. he received Babylonia.
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, it prospered. In the 2d cent. A.D. the Parthians took Dura, and in A.D. 165 it was taken by Rome. It remained a Roman city until it was seized (c.A.D. 257) by Shapur I of Persia. Dura was then abandoned to the desert. Excavations since Dura was rediscovered by accident in 1920 have yielded rich finds, supplying much information on life, history, and art in Mesopotamia from Hellenistic through Roman times. The site was extensively looted, however, during the Syrian civil war. The name is also spelled Doura. The modern village of Salihiye is on the site.


See M. I. Rostovtzeff et al., Excavations at Dura-Europos (reports, 1929–59); M. I. Rostovtzeff, Dura-Europos and Its Art (1938).

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References in periodicals archive ?
In 2018, the global Dural Repair market size was xx million US$ and it is expected to reach xx million US$ by the end of 2025, with a CAGR of xx% during 2019-2025.
The majority of materials involved in dural repair have been used in the cranial region, and relatively few studies concerning spinal duraplasty have been performed [6-13].
The patient should be placed on bedrest for at least 1-2 hours (optimally 24 hours post procedure) to allow for coagulation and a dural seal to develop.
Precise statistical analysis showed strong correlation of pial invasion ([chi square]=14.43; p=3.84), dural invasion ([chi square]=13.48; p=3.84) and bone infiltration ([chi square]=14.24; p=3.84) with tumor margins.
Ten years of experience with accidental dural puncture and post-dural puncture headache in a tertiary obstetric anaesthesia department.
As a PMA-approved and CE-cleared hydrogel that is indicated for use as an adjunct to standard methods of dural repair to aid in creating a watertight closure of the dura, the Adherus product is highly complementary to Stryker's Craniomax-illofacial division.
Resistance to creep--the tendency of a solid material to move slowly or deform under the influence of heat or applied loads--is among key Dural ICC Gel attributes.
Conclusion: Transcranial dural repair is the safe and effective way to treat post-traumatic CSF rhinorrhea and prevent its complications.
Loss of cervical lordosis was seen in 10/11 (91%), loss of dural attachment in 9/10 (90%), anterior displacement of dorsal dura on flexion in 9/10 (90%) and epidural flow voids were seen in 9/10 (90%) cases.