durian


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durian,

the highly esteemed, edible fruit of Durio zibethinus. The edible portions are the seeds found inside the large spiny fruits, which may weigh several pounds. The durian, although notoriously pungently malodorous (a mildly scented variety has been developed), has an aril (an extra seedcovering) that tastes like a combination of banana, caramel, and vanilla, with a slight onion tang. The seeds may be eaten raw, roasted or canned. The durian is an important cash crop in Indomalesia, particularly as an exotic export to Europe and North America. Durian is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Malvales, family Bombacaceae.
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durian

durian

The very large football-sized spikey prehistoric-looking fruit can weight up to 10 lbs (4.5kg) and has been known to kill people falling from the tree. It’s said they fall mainly at night when people aren’t around. The tropical tree is very large- 75-150 ft tall (25-75m). They begin fruiting after 4-5 years and can bear fruit twice a year. People either love or hate the fruit. On one side, it can smell like rotten eggs because of it’s high sulfur content (which is great for youthful skin). This strong odor brings forth vile disgust in many people. But others love the fruit because it’s sweet dessert-like inner flesh looks and tastes like custard, flan or creme brulee, and is quite popular as an aphrodisiac. Very high in tryptophan, which makes people feel good and relax. Also high in protein, sugar, healthy fats and carbs for energy. Each durian has 5 segments which can break open by hand when ripe. Each segment has a soft mass of custard-like flesh with a nut inside. This can be eaten raw or dehydrated or mixed into a pudding in a blender. Nut is also edible. Durian fruit looks similar to Jackfruit on the outside, but isn’t related.
Edible Plant Guide © 2012 Markus Rothkranz
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Durian

 

(Durio zibethinus), a tall (reaching 45 m) evergreen fruit tree of the family Bombacaceae. The leaves are leathery and oblong and have smooth margins. The flowers are bisexual and gathered into corymbs. The fruits are large (up to 3 kg), oval or spheroid, covered with hard spines, and five-celled, with several seeds in each chamber. The seeds are large and embedded in a juicy tissue that is an outgrowth of the wall of the pericarp. Durian grows wild in the forests of Borneo, Sumatra, and the Malay Peninsula. The trees are cultivated in Southeast Asia and southern India. The pulp of the fruits with its peculiar garlic odor is used as food.

REFERENCE

Siniagin, I. I. Tropicheskoe zemledelie. Moscow, 1968.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
'This will also be a great help for the farmers,' she said as durian growers will gain more knowledge to maximize their harvest.
According to media reports, the luxury fruit sold at the King of Durian festival in Thailand had been picked just a day before at a local farm.
Durian is a seasonal fruit; its season lasts typically from June until August which coincides with that of the other tropical specific fruits like mangosteen, jackfruit, and mango.
While durian presents opportunities for Malaysian farmers it has raised concerns among environmental groups, some of which, most notably PEKA, have pointed to wide-scale deforestation of forests in the central Raub region to make way for durian plantations.
"I first tried durian as a child and acquired a taste for it," said university student Liu Zelun, who visits the shop once a week for her durian fix.
Due to its overpowering smell, durian has been banned on several types of public transport in Thailand, Japan, Hong Kong and Singapore.
The report cited Siti Zuraidah Abidin from WWF Malaysia as saying that new durian plantations are planned in the Hulu Sempan area, which has been designated as an 'expected tiger habitat'.
The baked durian will stay in space for five minutes before coming back to Earth, where scientists will see if it has undergone any textural changes, reports the BBC.
Summary: Melbourne [Australia], Apr 30 (ANI): At least 600 staff and students have been evacuated from a university in Melbourne, Australia after the smell of a rotting durian fruit was mistaken for a gas leak.
I went to Medan in early December and for some reason what I thought was only Ucok Durian. Maybe because it's been viral after visited by President Jokowi or just curious why many people sell the durian online in Jakarta.
Beirut, Jumada II 28, 1439, March 16, 2018, SPA -- Grand Mufti of the Republic of Lebanon Sheikh Abdullatif Durian received here today both of Charge d'Affaires of Saudi Embassy Walid Al-Bukhari and UAE Ambassador to Lebanon Hamad Al-Shamsi.