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the highly esteemed, edible fruit of Durio zibethinus. The edible portions are the seeds found inside the large spiny fruits, which may weigh several pounds. The durian, although notoriously pungently malodorous (a mildly scented variety has been developed), has an aril (an extra seedcovering) that tastes like a combination of banana, caramel, and vanilla, with a slight onion tang. The seeds may be eaten raw, roasted or canned. The durian is an important cash crop in Indomalesia, particularly as an exotic export to Europe and North America. Durian is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Malvales, family Bombacaceae.
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The very large football-sized spikey prehistoric-looking fruit can weight up to 10 lbs (4.5kg) and has been known to kill people falling from the tree. It’s said they fall mainly at night when people aren’t around. The tropical tree is very large- 75-150 ft tall (25-75m). They begin fruiting after 4-5 years and can bear fruit twice a year. People either love or hate the fruit. On one side, it can smell like rotten eggs because of it’s high sulfur content (which is great for youthful skin). This strong odor brings forth vile disgust in many people. But others love the fruit because it’s sweet dessert-like inner flesh looks and tastes like custard, flan or creme brulee, and is quite popular as an aphrodisiac. Very high in tryptophan, which makes people feel good and relax. Also high in protein, sugar, healthy fats and carbs for energy. Each durian has 5 segments which can break open by hand when ripe. Each segment has a soft mass of custard-like flesh with a nut inside. This can be eaten raw or dehydrated or mixed into a pudding in a blender. Nut is also edible. Durian fruit looks similar to Jackfruit on the outside, but isn’t related.
Edible Plant Guide © 2012 Markus Rothkranz
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Durio zibethinus), a tall (reaching 45 m) evergreen fruit tree of the family Bombacaceae. The leaves are leathery and oblong and have smooth margins. The flowers are bisexual and gathered into corymbs. The fruits are large (up to 3 kg), oval or spheroid, covered with hard spines, and five-celled, with several seeds in each chamber. The seeds are large and embedded in a juicy tissue that is an outgrowth of the wall of the pericarp. Durian grows wild in the forests of Borneo, Sumatra, and the Malay Peninsula. The trees are cultivated in Southeast Asia and southern India. The pulp of the fruits with its peculiar garlic odor is used as food.


Siniagin, I. I. Tropicheskoe zemledelie. Moscow, 1968.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The durian fruit is a good source of antioxidant vitamin-C (about 33% of RDA).
The patch antenna attached on the durian fruit is supported by the planar supporter made of polyurethane foam and wood as shown in Fig.
Amir Muhammad's "The Big Durian," a witty docudrama about the Malaysian political scene of 1987--a thorny issue (much like the durian fruit)-screened
Stallholders said the pong from the durian fruit was making them feel ill.
Usually, when we consider "terrible" food, we are talking about the diet of the "Other"--China's lizards, dogs, bats, and fruit rats; Asia's reeking durian fruit; Japan's neurotoxic puffer fish; Australia's giant Bogong moths; to name a few.
One notable memory of Penang was my close examination of the durian fruit - a beautiful looking delight which smelled worse than the inside of my golf shoes after 36 holes.
They prefer durian fruit (which tastes like sweet, garlicky custard).
Also sometimes they have durian fruit, which is a must-try!" he told Arab News.
A local durian fruit producer here has lamented the impact of the El Nino phenomenon to the fruit production, expecting a plunge by 20 percent.
To explain the disparity between the canine sniff and swab findings, Aquino uses as example the odorous durian fruit from his and Duterte's Davao region.
With the reduced pollination of durian trees that results, productivity of durian fruit goes down, leading to lower supply and higher prices on the market.