durum wheat


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durum wheat:

see wheatwheat,
cereal plant of the genus Triticum of the family Poaceae (grass family), a major food and an important commodity on the world grain market. Wheat Varieties and Their Uses
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Durum Wheat

 

(Triticum durum), a species of wheat with a tough, usually awned spike and a variously colored grain that is hyaline when broken. Durum wheat is a tetraploid species: there are 28 chromosomes in the somatic cells. It is a drought-resistant steppe crop with predominantly spring forms. It is used in the production of pasta products and semolina; it is also used to improve the bread-baking qualities of soft-wheat flour. Durum wheat is the second most widely cultivated type of wheat, after soft wheat. Of the more than 120 known subspecies of durum wheat, the most common are Hordeiforme, Melanopus, and Leukurum.

References in periodicals archive ?
Fifteen primers were selected to evaluate the genetic diversity between and within mini collection of durum wheat cultivated in Iran.
Requests for the soft durum wheat have come from Japan, South Korea and Morocco.
96% of the polymorphic bands in local varieties of Turkish durum wheat, which is Close and consistent with our results.
Imtiaz said CIMMYT, under AIP, aims to support durum wheat value chain development in Pakistan by providing technical assistance to facilitate flow of germplasm, fast tracking deployment of new varieties, market linkages and information networking.
The treatments consisted of four improved durum wheat genotypes (Oda, Illani, Bakalcha and Ejersa) and five seeding densities (100, 125, 150, 175 and 200 kg [ha.
France led Algeria's suppliers of soft and durum wheat with 4.
The experiment design comprised 2 lines of bread wheat, 3 lines of durum wheat, 3 lines of lentils, and 2 lines of barley across the 2 soil types in a completely randomised design for each crop, replicated 4 times.
Industry watchers say further pasta price increases are likely to be seen this summer as the price of Canadian durum wheat, the main ingredient, is skyrocketing amid growing demand from China and other emerging economies.
That's because the major ingredients are the same--semolina and durum wheat.
For durum wheat, instead, the forecast depicts a potential yield increase of 2%.
The pedigrees of two durum wheat germplasms with translocations 1-22 and 1-23 from chromosome 7E of A.