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Related to dutiful: easily led


in taxation: see tarifftariff,
tax on imported and, more rarely, exported goods. It is also called a customs duty. Tariffs may be distinguished from other taxes in that their predominant purpose is not financial but economic—not to increase a nation's revenue but to protect domestic industries
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; excise taxesexcise taxes,
governmental levies on specific goods produced and consumed inside a country. They differ from tariffs, which usually apply only to foreign-made goods, and from sales taxes, which typically apply to all commodities other than those specifically exempted.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a category of ethics that expresses the moral task of a particular individual, group of individuals, class, or people under specific social conditions and situations, a task that for them becomes an internally acceptable obligation. In this respect duty differs from the more abstract concept of what is due or fitting, which encompasses all the demands made on people in the form of norms.

In the history of mankind’s moral consciousness, duty has been interpreted in different ways, according to social or class conceptions of man’s obligations at a particular period in history; it has always been connected with specific problems of a time and of a given society. The concept of duty has included the fulfillment of the “simplest rules of the community of man,” which had been developed in the course of history. The problem of the nature of duty has always given rise to disagreement among the various schools and trends of philosophical ethics. The foundations of duty have been connected with the interpretation of moral necessity—the fulfillment of divine commands, cosmic or supernatural laws, official or unofficial social precepts, or self-realization of the internal potential of the personality.

In Marxist ethics, moral duty is regarded as the concretization of general requirements of morality, which have a historical origin and which pertain to existing circumstances, conditions, and a person’s abilities and potentials. These requirements determine the conditions and degree of his responsibility and constitute his motives and conscience. Thus, duty expresses the moral specifics of the socio-ideological position of personality with respect to the existing social situation and to the conflict and disposition of class forces, as well as the moral specifics of internal convictions and the means of their realization.


Marx, K., and F. Engels. “Nemetskaia ideologiia.” Soch., 2nd ed., vol. 3, pp. 235-36.
Lenin, V. I. “Gosudarstvo i revoliutsiia.” Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vol. 33, chap. 5.
Lenin, V. I. “Zadachi soiuzov molodezhi.” Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vol. 41.
Arkhangel’skii, L. M. Kategorii marksistskoi etiki. Moscow, 1963.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

What does it mean when you dream about duty?

To feel bound by duty in a dream may be a reflection of the dreamer’s past experiences in the military. If, however, the dreamer is overly concerned with duty in their dreams, perhaps compulsive behavior or control issues are posing problems.

The Dream Encyclopedia, Second Edition © 2009 Visible Ink Press®. All rights reserved.


1. a government tax, esp on imports
2. Brit
a. the quantity or intensity of work for which a machine is designed
b. a measure of the efficiency of a machine
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
God reminds us that Prophet John (known as the Baptist) was dutiful towards his parents both loving them and obeying them.
The sequel to Dutiful Daughter, "Baby Broker or Dedicated Doctor?" is now available for your Kindle or Nook ($.99) http://tinyurl.com/8uyegso
DUTIFUL: Daughter A worker has been sacked and the company has been reprimanded.
He summed up these heroes perfectly: "Yours is such a special generation - stoical, loyal, indefatigable and dutiful. We salute you with all our hearts."
The artist-patron relationship has yielded plenty of great art over the centuries, from Michelangelo's over-the-top Moses on the tomb of Pope Julius II to Velazquez's dutiful Las Meninas and Goya's sneering The Family of Charles IV.
Teenaged Dorothea is the dutiful niece going so far as to make a quilt for her uncle when he requests a specific pattern.
The essence of Bybee's memorandum was elegantly captured by one of King Henry's most dutiful subjects in Shakespeare's Henri' V: "[W]e know enough, if we know we are the king's subjects: if his cause be wrong, our obedience to the king wipes the crime of it out of us." The same sentiment was expressed more crudely at Nuremberg: "We were just following orders."
The love between a girl back home and a dutiful soldier in the U.S.
Spokesman Yann Lovelock said that while it was common in the East to commemorate the anniversary of the death of parents and grandparents, Westerners were less dutiful.
"I was a nurse at the time, but being a dutiful wife whatever my husband wanted to do at the time was fine with me," says Bell.
Yet the adults who sacrifice the most to create and mold this precious human capital, whether they be dutiful parents, daycare workers, school teachers, camp counselors, or even college professors, retain only a small share of the value they create.
The commentary between essays often gets unreadably sentimental and the dutiful question-and-answer sections at the end of each chapter are more likely to induce snores than encourage curative male bonding or transcendent spiritual journeying.