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in taxation: see tarifftariff,
tax on imported and, more rarely, exported goods. It is also called a customs duty. Tariffs may be distinguished from other taxes in that their predominant purpose is not financial but economic—not to increase a nation's revenue but to protect domestic industries
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; excise taxesexcise taxes,
governmental levies on specific goods produced and consumed inside a country. They differ from tariffs, which usually apply only to foreign-made goods, and from sales taxes, which typically apply to all commodities other than those specifically exempted.
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a category of ethics that expresses the moral task of a particular individual, group of individuals, class, or people under specific social conditions and situations, a task that for them becomes an internally acceptable obligation. In this respect duty differs from the more abstract concept of what is due or fitting, which encompasses all the demands made on people in the form of norms.

In the history of mankind’s moral consciousness, duty has been interpreted in different ways, according to social or class conceptions of man’s obligations at a particular period in history; it has always been connected with specific problems of a time and of a given society. The concept of duty has included the fulfillment of the “simplest rules of the community of man,” which had been developed in the course of history. The problem of the nature of duty has always given rise to disagreement among the various schools and trends of philosophical ethics. The foundations of duty have been connected with the interpretation of moral necessity—the fulfillment of divine commands, cosmic or supernatural laws, official or unofficial social precepts, or self-realization of the internal potential of the personality.

In Marxist ethics, moral duty is regarded as the concretization of general requirements of morality, which have a historical origin and which pertain to existing circumstances, conditions, and a person’s abilities and potentials. These requirements determine the conditions and degree of his responsibility and constitute his motives and conscience. Thus, duty expresses the moral specifics of the socio-ideological position of personality with respect to the existing social situation and to the conflict and disposition of class forces, as well as the moral specifics of internal convictions and the means of their realization.


Marx, K., and F. Engels. “Nemetskaia ideologiia.” Soch., 2nd ed., vol. 3, pp. 235-36.
Lenin, V. I. “Gosudarstvo i revoliutsiia.” Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vol. 33, chap. 5.
Lenin, V. I. “Zadachi soiuzov molodezhi.” Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vol. 41.
Arkhangel’skii, L. M. Kategorii marksistskoi etiki. Moscow, 1963.


What does it mean when you dream about duty?

To feel bound by duty in a dream may be a reflection of the dreamer’s past experiences in the military. If, however, the dreamer is overly concerned with duty in their dreams, perhaps compulsive behavior or control issues are posing problems.


1. a government tax, esp on imports
2. Brit
a. the quantity or intensity of work for which a machine is designed
b. a measure of the efficiency of a machine
References in periodicals archive ?
Lansdowne Road season ticket holders will be given first option on tickets with the FAI also duty bound to supply tickets to players and sponsors.
Moreover, policing represents one of the few "moral call" occupations; the police are "duty bound to come when and where called, regardless of who calls them." Which marker or ingredient remains most critical to the establishment of a profession?
ISLAMABAD -- Strongly condemning Lahore blast, Leader of Jamaat Islami (JI), Senator Mushtaq Ahmad Wednesday asked the government to review security plan again as state is duty bound to provide security to its citizen.
He added that judge was duty bound to listen everyone and fulfill all requirements for dispensing justice.
The spokesman of Hurriyat forum in a statement in Srinagar said, Youth are offering priceless sacrifices and the people of Kashmir and the leadership is duty bound to protect and take forward their mission.
According to the election act 2017 the caretaker Prime Minister and all four chief ministers were duty bound to declare assets within the three day after take change their offices.
Another party leader Gaurav Bhatia said that Pakistan is duty bound to provide consular access to the Indian Government to meet Kulbhushan Jadhav.
The DPO congratulated the promoted officers with clear cut directives, they were earning from public exchequers and duty bound to protect precious lives and worthy properties and to address worries of sufferers.
We expect the Armed Forces to put their lives on the line so, as a country, we are duty bound to care for them.
A spokesman for the force said officers were duty bound to investigate.
I'm sure Cheryl has her fans but I feel duty bound to ask ITV one question.
Duty bound Tie the side shoots of climbers to train them along trellis or wire supports, but keep the binds loose enough to allow the plant to sway in the wind.