dwarf tree

dwarf tree,

in horticultural practice, a tree artificially kept to a smaller size than is normal for average members of the species. This is usually accomplished either by limiting its root space and food and by careful pruning or by grafting it on the rootstock of a smaller species. Dwarf trees (their culture is an ancient Japanese art called bonsaibonsai
, art of cultivating dwarf trees in containers. Bonsai, developed by the Japanese more than a thousand years ago, is derived from the Chinese practice of growing miniature plants.
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) utilize limited space and are grown for ornamental purposes. Dwarf fruit trees are valued for both decoration and fruit production in small gardens. Natural dwarfing occurs among plants growing in areas where only low-growing varieties can survive (see alpine plantsalpine plants,
high-altitude representatives of various flowering plants (chiefly perennials) that because of their dwarf habit, profuse blooming, and the preference of many for shady places are cultivated in alpine and rock gardens.
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See G. E. Severn, Miniature Trees in the Japanese Style (1967), M. Kawasumi, Introductory Bonsai (1972).

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References in classic literature ?
Lop-Ear and I slept that night in a dwarf tree, no larger than a bush.
It was a lonely spot and but for a vague shape of a dwarf tree here and there we had only the flying clouds for company.
He led the way through the gap to a patch of turf on the heathy ground, screened by bushes and dwarf trees on the side nearest to the road, and commanding in the opposite direction a grandly desolate view over the broad brown wilderness of the moor.
In the excitement of our colloquy, we had walked on a few steps, beyond the clump of dwarf trees which had hitherto screened us from view.
It was surrounded by a rough, low stone wall, and was bare and open to the sky, except at one extremity, where a brook trickled down the stony hill-side, and a clump of dwarf trees threw their narrow shadows over the short, meagre grass.
"Keitt is not a dwarf tree, but it is worth having because it is the only mango I know of that the fruit will not ripen on the tree; it has to be picked and then wait five days or so.
Salix caprea 'Kilmarnock' - Kilmarnock willow - is a marvellous dwarf tree that grows up to head height.
Salix caprea "Kilmarnock" - Kilmarnock willow - is a marvellous dwarf tree that grows up to head height.
But to achieve a good crop you will need at least two dwarf tree varieties, as most cherry trees are not self-fertilising and will need another tree for fertilisation.
His cosmic nemesis Myrna had long admired his dwarf tree and begged politely each time she saw him in the yard, telling him how she would so love such a tree of her own.
Simulating carbon balance at treeline for krummholz and dwarf tree growth forms.
In this scenario, it is important to aim for developing dwarf tree stature of amla for medium density orchards, to develop precocious and prolific bearing cultivars and to develop excellent fruit quality (high phenolic content and tannins) for processing.