(redirected from dysmenorrheal)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.


Difficult or painful menstruation.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



disturbances of menstruation, characterized by pains in the lower abdomen, the small of the back, and the sacrum (algomenorrhea), combined with general symptoms (migraine, heart palpitations, vomiting, diarrhea, skin rashes, and sleep disturbance).

Primary dysmenorrhea occurs in women with no previous gynecological disease, most often in young girls and young women who have not given birth. This dysmenorrhea often ceases with a regular sex life and especially after parturition. Secondary dysmenorrhea appears as a result of inflammatory processes, the development of tumors in the woman’s sex organs, version of the uterus, and so on. Dysmenorrhea may develop as a result of psychological shock associated with the onset of the first menstruation in uninformed young girls, when there is a long-unfulfilled desire to become pregnant, and in cases of unsatisfactory sex life. Sometimes dysmenorrhea arises owing to the functional characteristics of a woman’s nervous system (vagotonic form). A special form of dysmenorrhea is membranous dysmenorrhea, which is associated with hormonal disharmony (the preponderance of estrogen over the hormone of the corpus luteum).

Treatment depends on the causes of the dysmenorrhea and its form. General restorative treatment, pain relievers, sedatives, hormone therapy, and physical therapy are prescribed.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In this study, about 8% of the students carried out physical exercise as a measure to control their dysmenorrheal illness.
Clinical efficacy and differential inhibition of menstrual fluid prostaglandin F2a in a vandomized, duubleblid, Crossover treatment with placebo, acetaminophen and ibuprofen in primary dysmenorrheal. Am.
The mechanism of the effect of TENS on primary dysmenorrheal is based on the gate control theory 9, and the release of endogenous morphine10, 11.
Just as some of us, the female researchers of this study who experience dysmenorrheal pain regularly would like to found any possible alternative way to relieve pain which could be cheaper and easy to obtain.
Anila Amjad, Consultant Gynecologist on Dysmenorrheal Pain.
(17,24) Hondras et al conducted a randomized, blinded clinical trial concluding that there was no significant difference between spinal manipulative therapy and sham treatment on the symptoms of primary dysmenorrheal. (27,28) In a narrative review conducted by Spears, the author concluded that dysmenorrhea is best treated by a multi-modal approach including nutrition, chiropractic, medication and other alternative healthcare practices.
The findings from two trials showed that post-surgical administration of herbal medicine may have comparable benefits to gestrinone but with fewer side effects, oral herbal medicine may have a better overall treatment effect than danazol, and it may be more effective in relieving dysmenorrheal and shrinking adnexal masses when used in conjunction with an herbal enema.
Prevalence and impact of dysmenorrheal on hyspanic female adolescents.
21% of the women said they had increased menstrual flow while seventy five (18.8%) reported having dysmenorrheal or menstrual pains.
Self-mutilation, anorexia, and dysmenorrheal in obsessive-compulsive disorder.