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Difficult or painful menstruation.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



disturbances of menstruation, characterized by pains in the lower abdomen, the small of the back, and the sacrum (algomenorrhea), combined with general symptoms (migraine, heart palpitations, vomiting, diarrhea, skin rashes, and sleep disturbance).

Primary dysmenorrhea occurs in women with no previous gynecological disease, most often in young girls and young women who have not given birth. This dysmenorrhea often ceases with a regular sex life and especially after parturition. Secondary dysmenorrhea appears as a result of inflammatory processes, the development of tumors in the woman’s sex organs, version of the uterus, and so on. Dysmenorrhea may develop as a result of psychological shock associated with the onset of the first menstruation in uninformed young girls, when there is a long-unfulfilled desire to become pregnant, and in cases of unsatisfactory sex life. Sometimes dysmenorrhea arises owing to the functional characteristics of a woman’s nervous system (vagotonic form). A special form of dysmenorrhea is membranous dysmenorrhea, which is associated with hormonal disharmony (the preponderance of estrogen over the hormone of the corpus luteum).

Treatment depends on the causes of the dysmenorrhea and its form. General restorative treatment, pain relievers, sedatives, hormone therapy, and physical therapy are prescribed.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Independent of the effect of COC use, the researchers found that increasing age reduced the severity of dysmenorrhoea but not as much as COC did; it shifted women down 0.1 units on the VMS scale and five millimetres on the VAS scale.
Questionnaire comprised age, socioeconomic status, educational status, menarchal age, menstrual pattern, premenstrual symptoms, dysmenorrhoea, impact of menstrual disorders on school attendance and consultation for menstrual problem.
Menstruation associated-symptoms were found to be significantly higher among the girls with complaint of dysmenorrhoea. Common symptoms among girls with dysmenorrhoea were sleeplessness, nervousness, and acne among the rural population; irritability, headache, and acne among the urban population.
Dysmenorrhoea can be a disabling condition for many women.
"By comparing women at different ages, it was possible to demonstrate the influence of COCs on the occurrence and severity of dysmenorrhoea, at the same time taking into account possible changes due to increasing age.
We evaluated 45 women with primary dysmenorrhoea aged between 16 and 39 years.
Primary- Dysmenorrhoea is primary when no cause is detected.
If there was dysmenorrhoea, females were asked about the location (s) of pain.2 The questionnaire included the "Visual Analog Scale for pain (VAS)" which is measured on 10 cm scale that representing no pain at one end (0) and the severest imaginable pain written at the other end (10).10
The most common site is the ovary and the most common symptom is chronic pelvic pain, notably dysmenorrhoea, dyspareunia, and infertility, which all may lead to a reduction in the patient's quality of life.
Dysmenorrhoea is the medical term for painful periods.