Causes of exertional dyspnea
with hypoxia in a young athlete (with healthy lungs) are typically related to vascular abnormalities usually resulting in right-to-left shunting or large ventilation-perfusion defects (functional right-to-left shunt).
was a significant predictor of fatigue and mental component summary of SF-36, whereas HRCT had no significant contribution to functional status, fatigue, and SF-36.
A 31 -year-old woman presented with dyspnea
and a 2-day history of bilateral parotid swelling.
24), (25) To our knowledge, no studies to date have examined the differences in dyspnea
, fatigue, and exercise intolerance between individuals with HF having high and low muscle strength of the knee extensors as measured by hand-held dynamometry.
Inspiratory resistive loading is frequently used in dyspnea
research to increase the effort and work of breathing (12-18).
at rest implies an acute illness or moderate to severe cardiopulmonary disease.
The final clinical model included age, sex, history of HF, creatinine concentration, dyspnea
(New York Heart Association class IV or less), systolic blood pressure, and LVEF.
Moderate Exacerbation - Patients having a moderate exacerbation experience dyspnea
that interferes and limits their ability to perform physical activity.
A 17 year old man was admitted to hospital with exertional dyspnea
A recent study examined the predictive value of assessing four clinical variables in diagnosing HF as the cause of dyspnea
in these patients: 1) history of ischemic heart disease, 2) laterally displaced apical heart beat (PMI), 3) high body mass index, and 4) increased heart rate.
may or may not reverse with treatment; irreversible cases must be treated with palliative therapies.
The most common adverse events (grades 3/4) with ALIMTA for the treatment of patients with NSCLC were anemia (8%); leukopenia (5%); neutropenia (5%); thrombocytopenia (2%); infection without neutropenia (6%); fatigue (16%); thrombosis/embolism (3%); cardiac ischemia (3%); anorexia (5%); dyspnea
(18%); and chest pain (7%).