Furthermore, even youngsters who endure only a single episode of severe depression tend to have problems relating to peers and adults as they grow older, and they get much poorer grades in high school than youths who suffered only from dysthymia
, according to a more recent report by Kovacs and her colleagues, which will appear in a forthcoming ARCHIVES OF GENERAL PSYCHIATRY.
* OBJECTIVE We evaluated the effectiveness of paroxetine and Problem-Solving Treatment for Primary Care (PST-PC) for patients with minor depression or dysthymia
On some points, the DSM-IV is clear about dysthymia
. It starts early in life, is chronic, and must last for 2 years before one can call a patient dysthymic.
As shown in Figure 2, anxiety disorder had the highest frequency of clinical syndromes (46%) among the participants in this study, somatization was 25.5% and dysthymia
had the lowest frequency (11%).
Anxiety, major depressive disorder, dysthymia
, drug use, schizophrenia, and bipolar disorder, by contrast, contributed very little to the picture.
People dealing with dysthymia
do not present themselves like those with major depressive disorder.
Sixty-one adult patients from an outpatient mental health center (Mataro, Spain), who met DSM-IV (Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders-text revision- 4th edition; American Psychiatric Association [APA], 1994) criteria for dysthymia
, initially enrolled an ongoing, naturalistic treatment study started in February 2013.
(30) Of the Dysthymia
cases, 3 % (N=3) were observed in our studies.
In other words, they suggested that the course of chronic depression is mild in some cases (as in pure dysthymia
), severe (as in chronic MDD), or fluctuates (as in dysthymia
with occasionally superimposed MDEs) in some others.
Comment: Dysthymic disorder (also called dysthymia
) is characterized by a depressed mood that does not fit the diagnostic criteria for major or minor depression.
2: Prevalence of Mood Disorders depression 8% dysthymia
10% # 82% Note: Green color indicated with #.
They found that African-American black women were at an increased risk for lifetime dysthymia
, or chronic depression; alcohol dependence; drug abuse and poor perceived health if they were victims of partner abuse.