service value with the E-GOVSQUAL-RISK model.
Bulgaria and Estonia start developing e-government
roughly at the same time.
The topic of e-government
has been a growing literature in the last fifteen years and the scholarly inquiry into the topic is quite a diverse enterprise.
The country obtained a 'high' score in the E-Government
Development Index (EDGI), with a total of 0.58 out of a perfect score of 1, beating other Asian neighbors such as Thailand (77th) and Vietnam (89th).
This coincided with the launch of three other projects, including e-Government
Kiosks, a revamped national complaints and suggestions system "Tawasul", and new smart card collector machines.
(Gaskins, 2013) E-government
has a systematically positive effect on diminishing corruption, as do the established anti-corruption elements, can cut down corrupt conducts externally by improving connections with citizens and internally by more successfully controlling and supervising employees' conducts (Popescu Ljungholm, 2015a, b, c), and is an adequate instrument to cut down corruption by advancing good governance and fortifying reform-oriented participants.
The two-day conference included 14 working papers that focused on means of enhancing the GCC cooperation in the field of e-government
and difficulties facing linkage and integration among various government institutions, besides highlighting the projects and modern trends in the ICT sector.
(PIWA & UNDP, 2010) Advancement in e-government
improvement has been achieved via augmented e-involvement, expansion of the mobile route and social media, enlarged utilization and the developing of open government information.
The GCC e-Government
Ministerial Committee has launched the e-Government
portal for the GCC countries, which was developed by the UAE TRA during its fourth meeting held in Doha.
Qatar, represented by the Ministry of Information and Communications Technology ( ictQATAR), will host the 15th meeting of the GCC e-Government
Executive Committee on February 18 and 19, in the presence of executives and chairpersons of e-government
authorities and programmes in the GCC States.
As a result, a new phenomenon called e-government
5 (BNA): Acting Chief Executive Officier of the Information and e-Government
Authority (iGA), Shaikh Salman bin Mohammed Al Khalifa, led the kingdom's delegation to the 21st meeting of the GCC e-Government
Executive Committee, held recently in Riyadh, with the participation of CEOs and directors-generals of e-government
authorities in the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries.