eLiza


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ELIZA

(artificial intelligence)
A famous program by Joseph Weizenbaum, which simulated a Rogerian psychoanalyst by rephrasing many of the patient's statements as questions and posing them to the patient. It worked by simple pattern recognition and substitution of key words into canned phrases. It was so convincing, however, that there are many anecdotes about people becoming very emotionally caught up in dealing with ELIZA. All this was due to people's tendency to attach to words meanings which the computer never put there.

See also ELIZA effect.
This article is provided by FOLDOC - Free Online Dictionary of Computing (foldoc.org)

eLiza

Formally Project eLiza, it is an umbrella term from IBM for a variety of self-management features that perform numerous capabilities without human intervention. Self-management includes the ability to optimize and balance workloads based on experience, to dynamically protect against unauthorized access, to recover from failures and to automatically reconfigure itself when necessary. eLiza capabilities vary from one IBM server line to another.
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References in classic literature ?
"Oh, dear me, here's Great-aunt Eliza coming up the lane!
We had been expecting Great-aunt Eliza's advent for some weeks, for she was visiting relatives in Markdale.
I've been to call on the Wilsons; and it's a thousand pities you didn't go with me, Gilbert, for Eliza Millward was there!'
Moreover, she was barely civil to them, and evidently better pleased to say 'good-by,' than 'how do you do.' But Eliza Millward says her father intends to call upon her soon, to offer some pastoral advice, which he fears she needs, as, though she is known to have entered the neighbourhood early last week, she did not make her appearance at church on Sunday; and she - Eliza, that is - will beg to accompany him, and is sure she can succeed in wheedling something out of her - you know, Gilbert, she can do anything.
"Well, Eliza?" said her master, as she stopped and looked hesitatingly at him.
Now, it had so happened that, in approaching the door, Eliza had caught enough of the conversation to know that a trader was making offers to her master for somebody.
HIGGINS [declaiming gravely] Eliza, Elizabeth, Betsy and Bess, They went to the woods to get a birds nes': PICKERING.
HIGGINS [suddenly resorting to the most thrillingly beautiful low tones in his best elocutionary style] By George, Eliza, the streets will be strewn with the bodies of men shooting themselves for your sake before I've done with you.
I was glad of it: I never liked long walks, especially on chilly afternoons: dreadful to me was the coming home in the raw twilight, with nipped fingers and toes, and a heart saddened by the chidings of Bessie, the nurse, and humbled by the consciousness of my physical inferiority to Eliza, John, and Georgiana Reed.
The said Eliza, John, and Georgiana were now clustered round their mama in the drawing-room: she lay reclined on a sofa by the fireside, and with her darlings about her (for the time neither quarrelling nor crying) looked perfectly happy.
"MY overhearings were more to the purpose than YOURS, Eliza," said Charlotte.
Long," said Miss Lucas, "but I wish he had danced with Eliza."