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1. (in the British Isles) a nobleman ranking below a marquess and above a viscount
2. (in Anglo-Saxon England) a royal governor of any of the large divisions of the kingdom, such as Wessex
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



in early medieval England, a member of the hereditary nobility, as distinguished from an ordinary freeman, or ceorl. The average size of an earl’s holding was 40 hides. As Anglo-Saxon society became feudalized, the earls, in the late seventh century, became part of the general landed aristocracy required to render state service, the thanes. Since the 11th century the term “earl” has designated a noble rank corresponding to that of count.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


(Uniform Resource Locator) The address that defines the route to a file on an Internet server (Web server, mail server, etc.). URLs are typed into a Web browser to access Web pages and files, and URLs are embedded within the pages themselves as links (see hypertext).

The URL contains the protocol prefix, port number, domain name, subdirectory names and file name. If a port number is not stated in the address, port 80 is used as the default for Web traffic (HTTP traffic). See port 80 and TCP/IP port.

Downloading the Home Page
To access a home page on a website, only the protocol and domain name are required. For example, http://www.computerlanguage.com retrieves the home page of the Computer Language Company's website. HTTP is the Web protocol, and WWW.COMPUTERLANGUAGE.COM is the domain name. Browsers default to the http:// prefix so only the www.computerlanguage.com needs to be typed in. In fact, you can usually omit the WWW and dot, because most websites treat blank hostnames as "www" hostnames. Sometimes, you can even omit the .com, and the browser fills it in automatically.

Another Web Page
If a page is not the home page, its name has to be part of the address, and a slash is used to separate it from the domain name. For example http://www.computerlanguage.com/about.htm points to the About page (about.htm file). See URL shortening.

The Full Path
If a page is stored in a subdirectory (folder within a folder), its name is also separated by a slash, and subdirectories can be several levels deep. Follow the example below:
Hypothetical URL:


 This:          Is the:

 http://        protocol

 www.car.com/   domain

 kia/           subdirectory

 used/          subdirectory

 2008.html      file (Web page)

Is It a URL or a URI?

Technically, a URL is a type of uniform resource identifier (URI). Since most URIs are URLs, "URL" is the term more commonly heard. See URI.
Copyright © 1981-2019 by The Computer Language Company Inc. All Rights reserved. THIS DEFINITION IS FOR PERSONAL USE ONLY. All other reproduction is strictly prohibited without permission from the publisher.
References in periodicals archive ?
Mrs Earl was suspended three days later and escorted off the school premises.
Harley had worked on a number of different types of cars, including Cadillacs (Mary Pickford, no less, had him develop a roadster for her on a Caddy chassis: he was something of a favorite among celebrities; Earl Automobile Works even made chariots and covered wagons for the Hollywood studios).
As an elderly driver with an unblemished record, Earl is ignored by police and he is rewarded for his services.
In the dock, Earl, of Hill Court, Lockerbie, admitted that, at Hill Court, he behaved in a threatening manner, shouted, swore, made threats of violence towards police officers and threatened to kill a police dog.
The visitors failed to clear a corner and the ever-alert Earl flicked the ball inside the near post to get his second goal of the day.
Earl's father, RJ, proves to be the strongest, most nuanced character in the strong cast.
The second part of the strategy was pretty easy, as only Earl and his father hunt the property.
When the cortege passed down The Mall, the Earl walked behind the hearse between Princes William and Harry, who were flanked by Prince Charles and the Duke of Edinburgh.
Earl is the first hurricane to make landfall in Belize in almost exactly four years (Hurricane Ernesto hit the country Aug.
Ralston told police that Earl was not his dog but that he was watching the dog for a friend, later identified as Jordan Woody.
During his real estate career, Robert Earl has successfully helped customers buy and sell over 400 homes as a licensed agent in Virginia and Florida.
For Earl Sweatshirt, we caught up with Odd Future producers Matt Martians and Syd tha Kyd, who together make up The Internet, and video directors AG Rojas and Hiro Murai.