earth-wall dwelling

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1. A rectangular structure, either partially enclosed or open on all four sides, used as a temporary storage place, such as for grain; usually a flat roof supported by two to four posts on each side of the structure (depending on its size) and often covered with a layer of adobe mud or straw.
2. In the American Southwest, a crude house having walls built of closely spaced upright sticks, or poles driven into the ground, and small branches interwoven between them; then covered with mud or an adobe clay; usually plastered to provide additional weather protection; a flat roof is supported by horizontal logs and then covered with thatching, often with a layer of adobe atop the thatching.
3. Same as wigwam.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.