earthworks


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earthworks:

see land artland art
or earthworks,
art form developed in the late 1960s and early 70s by Robert Smithson, Robert Morris, Michael Heizer, and others, in which the artist employs the elements of nature in situ or rearranges the landscape with earthmoving equipment.
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References in periodicals archive ?
This is the second project awarded by Western Sydney Airport to the joint venture, following award of an early earthworks package in July 2018.
The Earthworks crew is unique because they provide both certified tree cutters and consulting arborists in house.
The company is also required to submit an earthworks plan through its consultant engineer to apply for approval from the council within 30 days.
Yet, due to a lack of knowledge, designers, and landowners often build earthworks that are costly, inappropriately sized and sited, or even dangerous.
"The collaboration between Trimble and Sumitomo takes excavator performance to the next level with Trimble Earthworks semi-automatic excavator machine control," said Troy Rigby, OEM manager for Trimble Civil Engineering and Construction, Asia Pacific.
As the required earthwork cut-and-fill volume is about 1.8 million cu m, the 'surface mining' technique was chosen as the preferred method to remove earthwork materials in order to meet the schedule and cost requirements of this project.
Chuan Holdings has over 20 years of experience in the provision of earthworks to the construction industry in Singapore.
Jagger was fined PS1,000, and must pay PS3,850 costs and a PS15 victim surcharge; Earthworks was fined PS2,500, with PS3,850 costs and a PS15 victim surcharge.
Earthen enclosures in the shapes of circular rings with entryways facing east, squares with rounded corners and entryways, octagons with eight entrances, long passageways bordered by smooth earthen walls, conical mounds, low walls bordering large areas, and huge flat-topped rectangular burial mounds were placed along rivers, creeks, and natural land formations, with earthworks traversing the landscape for miles.
Preliminary excavations at one of the sites in 2008 revealed that some of the earthworks were surrounded by low mounds containing domestic ceramics, charcoal, grinding-stone fragments, and other evidence of habitation.
Earthworks cover a minimum of 20% of Babeldaob with their impact on the landscape perhaps double that due to the intensive erosion resulting from their construction.