restaurant

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restaurant,

a commerical establishment where meals can be bought and eaten. In the 16th cent. English inns and taverns began to serve one meal a day at a fixed time and price, at a common table, and usually distinguished by a special dish. The meal was called the ordinary, and inn dining rooms and eating places generally began to be called ordinaries. Famous among those in London were the Castle, much frequented by luminaries, and Lloyd'sLloyd's,
London insurance underwriting corporation of many separate syndicates; often called Lloyd's of London. Founded in the late 17th cent. by a group of merchants, shipowners, and insurance brokers at the coffeehouse of Edward Lloyd, the association is now international in
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, a meeting place for merchants. In the 17th cent. the ordinaries became fashionable clubs, gambling resorts, and eventually centers of such intense political activity that they were closed by Charles II in 1675. In France, a loose equivalent of the ordinary called the table d'hôte, which served a standard daily meal, usually roasted meat, at a communal table, was popular by the mid-18th cent. The name restaurant was first used (c.1765) for a Paris establishment serving light ("restoring") dishes. By the late 18th cent., the Parisian restaurant had become a place offering single servings from a somewhat varied menu and seating at private tables. After the French Revolution, many former chefs of aristocratic houses opened restaurants. While the revolutionaries had favored the egalitarian table d'hôte, the bourgeoisie of the Restoration transformed the restaurant into a French institution that flourished in the 19th cent. and thereafter.

Early American taverns and inns resembled those of England. The White Horse Tavern in Newport, R.I. (founded 1673), claims to be the oldest. Fraunces Tavern (see under Fraunces, SamuelFraunces, Samuel
, c.1722–95, American innkeeper, proprietor of the historic Fraunces Tavern in New York City. This building at the corner of Broad and Pearl streets was the De Lancey mansion before Fraunces purchased it in 1762 and opened it as the Queen's Head
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) in New York was a famous meeting place. The first modern restaurant in New York City was opened (c.1831) by John and Peter Delmonico. The self-service restaurant, or cafeteria, was originated in the United States by philanthropic organizations to help working women secure cheaper meals. The idea was rapidly adopted by commercial restaurants, business organizations, and schools. An outgrowth of the cafeteria was the automat, which first opened in 1902 in Philadelphia and offered prepared food that was displayed behind small glass doors and could be purchased by depositing coins into a slot, which opened the doors. Although the last automat closed in 1991, the idea survives in the fully automated vending area, in which prepackaged food and drinks are dispensed from coin-operated machines. In the 1920s and 30s, dinersdiner,
restaurant resembling the railroad dining car. In the mid-19th cent., the first dining cars that appeared on trains were nothing more than an empty car with a fastened-down table. George M.
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, quick, cheap eating places resembling railroad dining cars, became popular places to eat. Car service restaurants, or drive-ins, first appeared in Florida during the 1930s. The foods sold at lunch counters and drive-ins was called fast food: hamburgers, hotdogs, french fries, and milk shakes. The franchising of fast-food restaurants has led to a boom in these establishments, and today millions of people throughout the world eat at fast-food chains such as McDonald's. Since World War II, most major cities have experienced a proliferation of ethnic restaurants.

Bibliography

See J. Finkelstein, Dining Out (1989); R. L. Spang, The Invention of the Restaurant (2000); A. B. Trubek, Haute Cuisine: How the French Invented the Culinary Profession (2000); A. Haley, Turning the Tables: Restaurants and the Rise of the American Middle Class, 1880–1920 (2011).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/

Restaurant

A commercial establishment where meals to order are served to the public, either in a separate building or within a hotel or other facility.
Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved

restaurant

A building (or part of a building) or any place used as a place where meals or sandwiches are prepared and/or served to its clientele.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
He added that the three-month-old kitten belonged to the complainant, and after checking the closed-circuit television (CCTV) at his shop, he found the footage that showed a woman riding a blue Modenas Kriss motorcycle in front of his eatery and who appeared to be looking for something.
Toyo Eatery's Three-cut pork BBQ-silog is the bestseller on its menu.
Lemonade and Modern Market Eatery are portfolio companies of Butterfly, a Los Angeles-based private equity firm specializing in the food sector.
It sealed the eatery and took samples of food for forensic analysis.
This soup will remain in all of our Newk's Eatery locations through March 2019."
The police said, one of the owner of the eatery is already abroad, while details are being sought from FIA into this matter.
class="MsoNormalThe proprietor of the eatery, Mrs Pauline Akwacha, said hell broke loose when the group demanded that vehicles that were parked outside the establishment be moved to create space for them.
CoreLife Eatery features freshly made and assembled salads, grain bowls and soups, aiming particularly at customers who have adopted an active lifestyle and "clean" diet, meaning one with minimal processing and without additives such as sweeteners or dyes.
Eatery Pulse Streem will also publish original-source articles that are already published in Eatery Pulse restaurant trade industry magazines, in addition to Streem article exclusives.
The good news is that The Hellenic Eatery in Cardiff is providing just that - great authentic Greek food in an informal atmosphere.
LAHORE:An eatery in the provincial capital has come under fierce criticism on social media for drying serving trays on the bathroom floor.
CoreLife Eatery, best known for its dishes comprised of grains, a variety of greens, and broth-based dishes, has moved into the Shoppes at Belmont