Ecchymosis

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ecchymosis

[¦ek·ə′mō·səs]
(medicine)
A subcutaneous hemorrhage marked by purple discoloration of the skin.

Ecchymosis

 

or bruise, a hemorrhage into the soft tissues as a result of a blow or pressure from a blunt object; blood may also escape under nonmechanical influences (sepsis, asphyxia, and overchilling, for example). The blood flowing out of the injured blood vessels into the tissue changes color (from dark red to yellowish green) with decomposition and biochemical conversion. The type of object that applied the blow and the age of the trauma may be judged by the shape and color of the surface bruise (“black-and-blue mark”). Extensive ecchymoses are called hematomas.

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Arterial pulses were not palpable in the lower extremities and ecchymotic areas were present in bilateral lower extremities (more diffusely in the left side).
The condition is associated with ecchymotic predisposition, premature varicose veins, diffuse muscle and joint pain, and orthostatic acrocyanosis.
Red and purple, slightly firm, irregularly shaped ecchymotic patches varying in size were observed below the knees of both legs (Figure 1).
Case number 15 (mixed hyperlipidaemia) presented with ecchymotic patches, bleeding tendency and arthritis, with normal anti nuclear antibody to exclude systemic lupus.
In a psychiatric or subjacent psychosomatic disorder context, it is a clinical profile characterized by atraumatic painful ecchymotic lesions.
After appearance of skin lesions in Complete blood count, CRP, anti-streptolysin the form of ecchymotic and edematous plaques (ASO) titer, urinalysis, coagulation tests, liver with high progressing trend, he was visited by a and kidney function tests were normal.
Petechial and ecchymotic patches are usually seen at the junction of hard and soft palate.
Examination of the right wing revealed edematous and ecchymotic soft tissue overlying a closed fracture of the major and minor metacarpals; minimal bone displacement was palpated.
Cutaneous Ecchymotic discolorations of the umbilical area (Cullen's Sign), flanks (Grey-'Turner's Sign) or the groin (Fox Sign) are unspecific signs of retro- or intra-abdominal haemorrhage.