Our results suggest that DVAs quantify the ecological interaction
between coexisting populations of humans and deer: geographic locations that have high DVAs should have a large number of human vehicle operators driving within the range of a concentrated deer population.
When the predator experiences some density dependence due to factors other than food, the magnitude of the negative ecological interaction
(apparent competition) may not be enough to outweigh the positive effect from evolution of the predator's food preference.
The strength of selection generated by an ecological interaction
should be related to the magnitude of effects the interaction has on overall birth and death rates, i.e., the "strength" of the ecological interaction
Some long-held scenarios of ecological interaction
have not withstood closer scrutiny.
Hambright's Plankton Ecology and Limnology Laboratory focuses on ecological interactions
between freshwater consumer and prey species.
Among the factors driving niche creation is the variation in the diet among individuals, which highlights the importance of ecological interactions
(e.g., intra- and interspecific competition, predation) to the development of niches .
Among their topics are the role of chemically defended seaweeds as biodiversity sources, the role of floating plants in the dispersal of biota across habitats and ecosystems, the role of drifting algae for marine biodiversity, eutrophication and the challenge of changing biotic interactions, and ecological interactions
between marine plants and alien species.
Though these observations are limited to just 2 sites on a single occasion, we cannot rule out the possibility that ecological interactions
, such as differential predation or ecological displacement, between native and exotic centipedes are responsible for these observations.
This may change the direction and strength of ecological interactions
This annual review contains 28 articles in the field of entomology that focus on ecological interactions
; evolution and systematics; the management of specific pest species; physiological problems faced by insects in their life history; the influence of molecular omics on understanding silkworm biology, locust phase transitions, and phylogenetic relationships; and the role of the central brain in behavior.