ectomorph

(redirected from ectomorphy)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.

ectomorph

[′ek·tə‚mȯrf]
(psychology)
A somatotype suggested by W.H. Sheldon to describe a person with a thin physique.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Based on these methods, several authors determined the importance of adiposity levels in sports performance (Legaz and Eston, 2005; Arrese and Ostariz, 2006); however, different disciplines also have their own morphological require ments, such as long arms for rowing, greater endomorphy for throwing sports, or greater ectomorphy for long-distance running (Kerr, 1995).
In the study of Lundy et al., [17] the mean endomorphy component was 2.5 [+ or -]0.6, while the mean mesomorphy component was 6.9 [+ or -]1.2 and the mean ectomorphy component was 0.9 [+ or -]0.5 in rugby players.
Correlation between Ectomorphy rating and composite FMS score (r=0.01, p=0.94).
These findings diverge in part from those found in the present study, because although they also observed a similarity in the behavior of the first component that tended to predominate with increasing age, the present study found a decrease in the ectomorphy component.
max Body height [cm] 165.31 5.71 157.00 178.00 Body mass [kg] 55.21 5.40 45.80 65.50 Skinfold thickness [mm] triceps 12.38 2.61 7.30 17.30 subscapular 9.65 2.86 6.00 16.80 calf 10.42 2.65 6.10 16.30 suprailiac 10.01 2.86 5.10 15.10 Circumference [cm] calf 35.73 1.88 33.00 40.00 flexed arm 23.74 1.72 20.50 26.50 Breadth [cm] biepicondylar 6.52 0.46 5.50 7.20 bicondylar 8.85 0.59 8.00 10.30 Body-built [index] endomorphy 2.60 0.54 1.85 3.73 mesomorphy 3.99 0.77 2.17 5.19 ectomorphy 3.23 0.54 2.08 4.29 M-mean; SD-standard deviation; min.-minimal value; max-maximal value.
Thus, from childhood through early adulthood, wrestlers are typically characterized by a high level of muscularity as reflected by the Meso rating, but low levels of roundness (endomorphy) and linearity of build (ectomorphy).
Age was linked to endomorphy (r=-.17, P=.005), mesomorphy (r=0.14, P=0.019) and ectomorphy (r=0.17, P=0.004).
HWR = height (cm) / weight 1/3 (kg) If HWR< 40,75 or HWR > 38,25 then Ectomorphy = HWR * 0,463--17,63
Somatotype as a method describes and expresses the quantification of three components relative to height: 1) endomorphy, which express body fat content, 2) mesomorphy, which express the development of skeletal muscle and 3) ectomorphy, which express the thinness of the body (Carter & Heath, 1990; Ochoa Martinez et al., 2014).
Malik, 2002) in another system the classification of body types into three basic types: endomorphy (roundness), mesomorphy (muscularity), and ectomorphy (linearity).
With the purpose of calculating somatotype components (endomorphy, mesomorphy and ectomorphy) by the Heath-Carter method (Carter & Heath, 1990), 10 anthropometric measures were assessed: body height (BH); body mass (BM); triceps (SF_TRIC), sub scapular (SF_SUBSCA), supraspinous (SF_SUPSP) and calf (SF_CAL) skinfolds; flexed arm (GTH_FARM) and calf girth (GTH_CLF); and humerus (BRDTH_HUM) and femur breadth (BRDTH_FEM).