Negative effects of stimulated herbivory on ectomycorrhizae
in cinder but not sandy loam soils
A few species have been reported forming ectomycorrhizae
Possibly, the pattern of absorption observed across growth forms is an outcome of both physiological factors relating to sink strength (growth rate) and anatomical characteristics that facilitate up-take (ectomycorrhizae
Scanning electron microscopy of ectomycorrhizae
: Potential and limitations.
Structure and physiology of ectomycorrhizae
. New Phytologist 91: 63-79.
Treu, (eds.) Descriptions of ectomycorrhizae
, Vol 4.
Most of these fungi form mutualistic symbiotic associations with forest trees in the form of ectomycorrhizae
that facilitate tree growth through enhanced nutrient absorption and protection of roots from root pathogens (Marx, 1991).
Cordell, "Survival and growth of pine seedlings with Pisolithus ectomycorrhizae
after two years on reforestation sites in North Carolina and Florida," Forest Science, vol.
Bruck, "Growth, ectomycorrhizae
and nonstructural carbohydrates of loblolly pine seedlings exposed to ozone and soil water deficit," Environmental Pollution, vol.
Major groups of mycorrhizae include ectomycorrhizae
, endomycorrhizae, ericoid mycorrhizae, and orchid mycorrhizae [6-8].
Jurgensen, "Distribution of ectomycorrhizae
in a mature Douglas-fir/larch forest soil in western Montana," Forest Science, vol.