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Complete Ectopia Cordis: A Case Report and Literature Review.
Thoracic ectopia cordis. BMJ Case Rep 2012 Sep;2012.
Martin y et al indicaron que la asociacion de defectos de fusion esternal con defectos variables del corazon, del diafragma y de la pared abdominal anterior, representaba una alteracion del desarrollo que incluia tanto a la pentalogia de Cantrell como a la ectopia cordis, y senalo que eran secundarias a una alteracion del desarrollo de la linea media, y estaban incluidas dentro del STA.
Working diagnosis of ectopia cordis to rule out pentalogy of Cantrell with presumed sepsis was made.
Pentalogy of Cantrell associated with thoracoabdominal ectopia cordis. Circulation.
Keywords: Pentalogy of Cantrell, Ectopia cordis, midline developmental anomalies
Other associated anomalies which may be found: ectopia cordis, sternal cleft, intracardiac defects, exostrophy of the bladder, imperforate anus, intestinal and colonic agenesis, neural tube defects, skeletal defects, hypoplastic kidney, or absent external genitalia [1].
(1,6,10-12) Less frequently associated anomalies include ectopia cordis and midline hemangiomata.
Autopsy findings (Figure 1B) revealed an omphalocele with herniation of the bowel and liver, a midline sternal defect with ectopia cordis, a right-sided clubfoot, scoliosis, a bilateral cleft lip, and a midline cleft palate.