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A congenital or acquired positional abnormality of an organ or other part of thebody.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



displacement of an organ into an adjacent body cavity or to the exterior. Ectopia may occur as a birth defect (anomaly of development) or as a result of injury to the walls of a cavity. Examples include ectopia of the urinary bladder to the exterior in case of partial closure of the anterior abdominal wall, ectopia of the spleen into the pleural cavity in case of hernia or traumatic rupture of the diaphragm, and hereditary ectopia lends, displacement of the crystalline lens of the eye.

Some types of ectopia are fatal, for example, ectopia cordis, congenital displacement of the heart outside the chest wall. Other types of ectopia can be corrected surgically.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Complete Ectopia Cordis: A Case Report and Literature Review.
Thoracic ectopia cordis. BMJ Case Rep 2012 Sep;2012.
Martin y et al indicaron que la asociacion de defectos de fusion esternal con defectos variables del corazon, del diafragma y de la pared abdominal anterior, representaba una alteracion del desarrollo que incluia tanto a la pentalogia de Cantrell como a la ectopia cordis, y senalo que eran secundarias a una alteracion del desarrollo de la linea media, y estaban incluidas dentro del STA.
Working diagnosis of ectopia cordis to rule out pentalogy of Cantrell with presumed sepsis was made.
Pentalogy of Cantrell associated with thoracoabdominal ectopia cordis. Circulation.
Keywords: Pentalogy of Cantrell, Ectopia cordis, midline developmental anomalies
Other associated anomalies which may be found: ectopia cordis, sternal cleft, intracardiac defects, exostrophy of the bladder, imperforate anus, intestinal and colonic agenesis, neural tube defects, skeletal defects, hypoplastic kidney, or absent external genitalia [1].
(1,6,10-12) Less frequently associated anomalies include ectopia cordis and midline hemangiomata.
Autopsy findings (Figure 1B) revealed an omphalocele with herniation of the bowel and liver, a midline sternal defect with ectopia cordis, a right-sided clubfoot, scoliosis, a bilateral cleft lip, and a midline cleft palate.