(2007) evaluated the incidence of ectopic pregnancy
in 180 subjects of frozen-thawed group vs.
Diagnostic criteria of ectopic pregnancy
were; irregular [beta]-hCG increase, ectopic implantation of pregnancy or diffuse fluid in the pouch of Douglas and abdomen, as determined using transvaginal ultrasound.
In that case, it's called an ectopic pregnancy
or a tubal pregnancy.
The 28-year-old Filipina woman was said to have suffered pregnancy pains before she called an ambulance and was rushed to the hospital to be informed that she had ectopic pregnancy
The incidence of ectopic pregnancy
is 10 to 20 per 1000 pregnancies4 which has been tripled in last three decades owing to the increased use of contraceptive devices, tubal reanastromotic procedures and increasing application of artificial reproductive techniques.5 But luckily the maternal mortality secondary to the ectopic pregnancy
has remained same because of its early detection techniques and better therapeutic options.
When evaluating for ectopic pregnancy
, it is important to be familiar with the sonographic findings of a normal intrauterine pregnancy (IUP), as this essentially rules out an ectopic pregnancy
due to the statistical rarity of a heterotopic pregnancy (a concurrent intrauterine and ectopic pregnancy
It is hoped that, using their randomised study as a baseline, the authors will be able to update the academic community on their progress and changing trends in the laparoscopic management of ectopic pregnancy
in a low-cost setting in a few years' time.
An ectopic pregnancy
was confirmed by pathologic examination.
The abnormal implantation site of an ectopic pregnancy
leads to denigration of the trophoblastic tissue , which grows by invading the adjacent structures that are prone to the implantation site where there is greater blood supply.
They are dependent on examiner experience and quality of ultrasound equipment.17 TVS is superior to abdominal scan in evaluation of ectopic pregnancy
, since it allows a better view of adenexa and uterine cavity.18 MRI provide additional information for patient who needed precise diagnosis.11,12 After the diagnosis of abdominal pregnancy become definite, it is essential to localize placenta, MRI may help in surgical planning by evaluating the extent of mesenteric and uterine involvement.
According to the World Health Organization (2007), 5% of maternal mortality in the developed countries is due to ectopic pregnancy
. Hemorrhage and infection cause half of the deaths associated with ectopic pregnancy
A retroperitoneal ectopic pregnancy
is explained by spontaneous migration of the embryo from the uterus to the retroperitoneal space, possibly through the fistula after bilateral salpyngectomy  or along the lymphatic channels.