Similar to an epileptic CA3, we recently identified that mossy fibers were ectopically
guided to the SO of the CA3 subfield, forming IPB in mice with heterozygous knockout of aisoform of calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II ([alpha]-CaMKII hKO), one of the rodent models of schizophrenia.
Caption: Figure 3: This radiograph demonstrates a dysmorphic maxillary right primary canine erupting ectopically
into the mesial aspect of the maxillary right first primary molar.
Hence, further study should be done to increase the developmental capacity of cloned embryos by enhancement of nuclear reprogram ability of donor cells and embryos in combination with other factors such as histone deacetylase inhibitor  and removal of H3K9me3 in donor somatic cells by ectopically
expressed H3K9me3 demethylase such as Kdmd .
expressed AID enhances accumulation of mutations in cancer related genes such as p53 in gastric epithelial cells.
Targeting of cancer cells which express NTSR1 ectopically
is a useful strategy for both detection and therapy of NTSR1 expressing cancers.
Tureci, "A placenta-specific gene ectopically
activated in many human cancers is essentially involved in malignant cell processes," Cancer Research, vol.
This phenomenon could explain why in in vitro experiments a specific miRNA, when ectopically
overexpressed, degraded its lncRNA target, but at the same time the enforced upregulation of lncRNA suppressed miRNA activity (e.g., miR-1/MALAT1, miR-21/GAS5) [104,124].
Orchiectomy is essential, as the ectopically
located testes carry a substantial risk of malignancy.
Cholesteatoma is a rare keratinizing stratified squamous epithelium found ectopically
in the middle ear, an area characterized by low cuboidal epithelium.
Li et al., "Ectopically
expressed IBP promotes cell proliferation in oral squamous cell carcinoma," Cancer Investigation, vol.
Thus, hexadecenal seemed to arrest cell growth via proteins of the Bcl-2 family when expressed ectopically
Studies have shown that oxidative stress can be reduced by dandelion's inhibiting TLR4 ectopically
to lipid rafts, thereby reducing smoking-induced lung inflammation .