Ectopia

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Related to ectopy: ventricular ectopy

ectopia

[ek′tōp·ē·ə]
(medicine)
A congenital or acquired positional abnormality of an organ or other part of thebody.

Ectopia

 

displacement of an organ into an adjacent body cavity or to the exterior. Ectopia may occur as a birth defect (anomaly of development) or as a result of injury to the walls of a cavity. Examples include ectopia of the urinary bladder to the exterior in case of partial closure of the anterior abdominal wall, ectopia of the spleen into the pleural cavity in case of hernia or traumatic rupture of the diaphragm, and hereditary ectopia lends, displacement of the crystalline lens of the eye.

Some types of ectopia are fatal, for example, ectopia cordis, congenital displacement of the heart outside the chest wall. Other types of ectopia can be corrected surgically.

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References in periodicals archive ?
In this paper, we aimed to emphasize that in addition to the cervicothoracic spinal defects, the cases of male MURCS may be associated with other miscellaneous genitourinary anomalies, such as renal cross ectopy, vesicoureteral reflux, posterior urethral valve and bladder dysfunctions related to prolonged infravesical obstruction, duplicated urethra, undescended testis and/or vanishing testis.
Additionally a right-sided renal ectopy was seen anteriorly to the fifth lumbar vertebra, on a sagittal T[sub.
A significant link between sleep apnoea and nocturnal ventricular ectopy was evident in the Sleep Heart Health Study (91).
Ventricular ectopy and ventricular fibrillation has been described(34).
Low dietary magnesium increases supraventricular ectopy.
increased cervical ectopy (a condition in which the lining usually found inside the cervical canal extends onto the cervix's outer surface, where exposure to sexually transmitted pathogens is greater) associated with OC use (14)
Other arrhythmias have been described as well and include heart block, (34) atrial fibrillation, (42) and ventricular ectopy.
Cervicitis included any of the following: edema, erythema or a follicle-like lesion in an area of ectopy (the extension of columnar epithelium onto the ectocervix), or cervical mucus with 10 or more polymorphonuclear leukocytes per high-powered field (per 1,000 microscopic level).
Additionally, women who use oral contraceptives can have larger areas of cervical ectopy.
The PRECEDENT (Prospective Randomized Evaluation of Cardiac Ectopy with Dobutamine or Natrecor Therapy) study was designed to compare the safety and clinical effectiveness of Natrecor and dobutamine in hospitalized patients with acute heart failure.