Ectopia

(redirected from ectopy)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.
Related to ectopy: ventricular ectopy

ectopia

[ek′tōp·ē·ə]
(medicine)
A congenital or acquired positional abnormality of an organ or other part of thebody.

Ectopia

 

displacement of an organ into an adjacent body cavity or to the exterior. Ectopia may occur as a birth defect (anomaly of development) or as a result of injury to the walls of a cavity. Examples include ectopia of the urinary bladder to the exterior in case of partial closure of the anterior abdominal wall, ectopia of the spleen into the pleural cavity in case of hernia or traumatic rupture of the diaphragm, and hereditary ectopia lends, displacement of the crystalline lens of the eye.

Some types of ectopia are fatal, for example, ectopia cordis, congenital displacement of the heart outside the chest wall. Other types of ectopia can be corrected surgically.

Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
A 2-year-old boy was admitted to our clinic with duplicated urethra, urethral stenosis, bilateral undescended testes, neurogenic bladder dysfunction, vesicoureteral reflux, renal agenesis, cross ectopy of the right kidney, thoracic kyphoscoliosis and recurrent urinary tract infections.
Chest auscultation revealed audible heart sounds with regular heart rate but occasional ectopy.
Ventricular ectopy and prolonged QT syndrome have also been reported.
Conventional techniques required stiff or semi-stiff catheters and their manipulation through the right heart caused ectopy.
Simantirakis et al [8] using a subcutaneously implanted loop recorder, investigated the impact of SRBD treatment by means of continuous positive airway pressure therapy and found a significant reduction in ventricular ectopy beats in 21 patients with moderate and severe SRBD after 8 weeks of this therapy, and no ectopy was recorded during the last 6 months of follow-up.
Cardiopulmonary dysfunction also may manifest following SAH as abnormal ECG readings that may show bradycardia, cardiac output prolongation, diffuse S-T changes, and ventricular ectopy (Zaroff, Rordorf, Newell, Ogilvy, & Levinson, 1999).
Hormonal contraceptive use cervical ectopy and the acquisition of cervical infections.
Pilot study of the relationship between heart rate and ectopy and unrestricted vs restricted visiting hours in the coronary care unit.
This article reviews in detail the basic and clinical research studies of fish oil as an antiarrhythmic entity, the forms of preparation and/or administration that appear to possess these properties and those that do not, the types of arrhythmias (ventricular ectopy and atrial fibrillation as well as ventricular tachyarrhythmias) that have been beneficially affected by fish oil administration, and the presumed and known mechanisms by which the beneficial actions are exerted.
Frequent ventricular ectopy after exercise as a predictor of death.
Adolescents ate at great risk of acquiring STDs for a number of causes and conditions, for instance (a) social causes such as, lack of easy access to STD services and condom as well as frequent and multiple sexual partners; (b) psychological causes like progression through a development stage that emphasizes sexual risk taking and sexual identity formation; and (c) biological conditions such as cervical ectopy that facilitate the transmission of certain infectious agents (22-25).
Cervical ectopy (ectropion or eversion) may also increase vulnerability to HPV and other STIs.