The influence of ectotrophic
mycorrhizal fungi on the resistance of pine roots to pathogenic infections.
The metabolite (69) showed activity against phy-topathogens and plant growth promoting activity, properties that are also expressed in vivo by the ectotrophic fungus (Kim et al.
An antifungal and plant growth promoting metabolite from a sterile dark ectotrophic fungus.
Frank (1885) distinguished two main types of mycorrhiza: ectotrophic
Spring dead spot is caused by at least three different ectotrophic
, root-rotting fungi, including Ophiosphaerella herpotricha, O.
Effect of the nematode Aphelenchus avenae on some ectotrophic
mycorrhizal fungi and on a red pine mycorrhizal relationship.
In temperate ectotrophic
mycorrhizas, the species of the fungi and the trees are both similarly numerous with possibly up to, or more than, 10,000 spp of fungi being involved (Cairney, 2000) spanning a wide range of the Basidiomycotina.
Since many ectotrophic
fungi are difficult to isolate and culture on artificial media, high diagnostic specificity is a top priority to identify numerous fungal isolates from infected plants.
The roots have endotrophic mycorrhizae (Lodge, 1996; Calderon, 1993, in Myster & Walker, 1997; not ectotrophic
mycorrhizae, as reported by Edmisten ).