Some orthopoxviruses have limited host ranges; for example ectromelia
virus (ECTV) has only been described infecting captive colonies of laboratory mice (2,3).
Ramshaw, "Expression of Mouse Interleukin-4 by a Recombinant Ectromelia
Virus Suppresses Cytolytic Lymphocyte Responses and Overcomes Genetic Resistance to Mousepox," Journal of Virology 75, no.
See Ronald J Jackson et al, "Expression of Mouse Interleukin-4 by a Recombinant Ectromelia
Virus Suppresses Cytolytic Lymphocyte Responses and Overcomes Genetic Resistance to Mousepox" (2001) 75:3J Virology 1205.
La malformacion de MAI se identifico como polimelia, mientras que la del MPD correspondio a ectromelia
The possibility that researchers could genetically manipulate the natural enemies of non-native species to kill them faster and better, thus protecting the "natural" environment, attracted public notice in 2001, when a team of virologists, seeking to control non-native rodents in Australia, announced that it had had added an interleukin-4 gene, which suppresses the immune response, to ectromelia
or mousepox virus.
Nonzoonotic poxviruses in animals include variola virus (only infects humans), volepox, ectromelia
virus (rodents), raccoonpox, skunkpox, and taterapox (gerbils) and are not covered.
A smallpox diagnostic panel compiled by Inger Damon s laboratory at the CDC included 12 different variola virus isolates (VAR), 13 different strains and isolates of camelpox, cowpox (CPV), ectromelia
, herpes, monkeypox, Staphylococcus aureus, vaccinia (VV), and varicella-zoster viruses (VZV).
En cambio Rainwater  reporta dos casos de ectromelia
(ausencia de un miembro) en Crocodylus moreletti.
Dr Ron Jackson, Dr Deborah Maguire, Dr Lyn Hinds and Professor Ian Ramshaw infected laboratory mice with an ectromelia
(mouse pox) virus equipped with a gene coding for zone pellucida proteins.
Practical PCR testing using DNA from cowpox, monkeypox, ectromelia
, parapox-ORF, myxoma, avipox, and molluscipox viruses showed no cross-reactivity.
KEY WORDS: congenital abnormalities, ectromelia
, farmworkers, fungicides, Goldenhar Syndrome, insecticides, micrognathism, pesticides, prevention and control, toxicity.