edge cities


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edge cities,

term designating commercial complexes that have grown up on the margins of large American cities, a development that dates mainly from the 1970s. The term was coined by Joel Garreau in his book Edge City: Life on the New Frontier (1991). Sometimes called "technoburbs," edge cities typically develop at the intersection of major highways and feature the amenities that serve large suburban populations in such locations—shopping malls, entertainment centers, hospitals, schools, regional airports, and the like. These settings have proved attractive to businesses for corporate headquarters, which are often sited on appealingly sylvan "campuses," and for office buildings that can house smaller companies. With convenient access and pleasant surroundings, edge cities avoid many inner-city problems. However, critics have noted in them marked class segregation and a diminished sense of community as well as, increasingly, such traditional urban ills as congestion and crime. Representative edge cities include Tysons Corner, Va., Edison Township, N.J., IrvineIrvine
, city (1990 pop. 110,330), Orange co., SW Calif.; inc. 1971. Its industries include the research and development of high-technology electronics, especially computer products, and the manufacture of motor vehicles, pharmaceuticals, aerospace vehicles and aircraft parts,
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, Calif., and PlanoPlano
, city (1990 pop. 128,713), Collin co., N Tex., less than 20 mi (32 km) NE of Dallas; inc. 1873. In a farm and livestock area on the blackland prairie, Plano is a booming financial and commercial center, with headquarters of many large national corporations.
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, Tex.

Bibliography

See study by J. Garreau (1991).

References in periodicals archive ?
Las "edge cities" fueron uno de los derivados del smart growth que mas se propago por Estados Unidos.
As the economy continues to boom in the New York City environs, his formula will likely be adopted by even more edge cities.
Teaford has provided some historical depth to current debates about Edge Cities. His locally rooted narrative provides a fuller account than previously available as to how the governments of affluent counties have typically evolved.
They are part of a phenomenon described as edge cities.
Krugman demonstrates how this principle explains the creation of the "edge cities" described by Joel Garreau.
Most jobs, and the people who fill them have fled to the outskirts - so-called "edge cities." These communities have grown because they offer more space, better housing at lower cost, and cleaner air than the inner-city cores.
Moreover, the urban landscape itself is changing, as seen in the emergence of huge edge cities with multiple centers of population and world cities linked together by sophisticated new communications technology.
1994), Garreau argues that a "fourth wave" of change "is bringing edge cities the one thing they lack--civilization." His data base on 37 traditional downtowns and 190 edge cities--locales with heavy concentrations of homes, jobs, and shopping--shows, among other things, that seven of the top 10 spots for nightlife in America are edge cities.
Money for the edge cities. Money to meet the expanding urban ground transportation needs.
According to the 1990 census, nearly half of all Americans are situated in the suburbs, edge cities, and exurbs, centerless places where congregation is next to impossible.
"Edge cities" is journalist Joel Garreau's term for the new urban centers that are appearing in the suburbs and exurbs of American metropolises.
Whatever the word for the asphalted nodes he calls "edge cities," we're talking about homes here.