The first measure was the mental effort rating
scale developed by Paas (1992).
Looking at the rated keywords for all systems, there was a significant difference in effort rating
between the systems during winter testing (p < .
We then computed Cronbach's alpha to investigate internal consistency of mental effort rating
at both lowest and highest complexity points.
Three instruments were used in this study namely, Straight Lines Achievement Test, Paas Mental Effort Rating
Scale and Meta-cognitive Awareness Survey.
So although it spends $14,554 in local revenue per child, its effort rating
is much lower, 14.
Low Achievers across Learning Status: Teacher and Student Ratings of Effort and Strategy Use Student Ratings Variable High-average Achievers Low Achievers Effort Rating
The ratings for both initial and final subjective mental effort had exactly the same underlying structure, and each subjective mental effort rating
was given in response to the same nine questions.
The mental effort rating
scale consisted of labeled values ranging from 0 (no effort) to 9 (extremely high effort) and was adapted from Paas (1992; see also Paas, Tuovinen, Tabbers, & van Gerven, 2003).
Each task yields one mental effort rating
and one quantitative performance score.
A mental effort rating
scale was used to measure mental effort invested in both the instruction and the test phases.
The rapid verification method was utilized for cognitive diagnosis coupled with a subjective mental effort rating
to calculate the efficiency measures.
took the top spots in the 2015 Temkin Effort Ratings
, which rates how easy or difficult companies are to work with.