The first measure was the mental effort rating
scale developed by Paas (1992).
Looking at the rated keywords for all systems, there was a significant difference in effort rating
between the systems during winter testing (p < .05).
We then computed Cronbach's alpha to investigate internal consistency of mental effort rating
at both lowest and highest complexity points.
Three instruments were used in this study namely, Straight Lines Achievement Test, Paas Mental Effort Rating
Scale and Meta-cognitive Awareness Survey.
This nets the district an effort rating
of 66.88, and it shows that local revenue pays for nearly 78 percent of the total per-pupil spending of $20,921.
Low Achievers across Learning Status: Teacher and Student Ratings of Effort and Strategy Use Student Ratings Variable High-average Achievers Low Achievers Effort Rating
4.08 (.89) 3.54 (1.1)(***) Strategy Rating 3.61 (.95) 3.04 (1.05)(***) Teacher Ratings Variable High-average Achievers Low Achievers Effort Rating
3.49 (.89) 2.61 (.90)(***) Strategy Rating 3.90 (.78) 2.01 (.70)(***) Note: Students with and without learning disabilities were combined; students' ratings were based on the SSRS; teachers' ratings were based on the TOS.
The ratings for both initial and final subjective mental effort had exactly the same underlying structure, and each subjective mental effort rating
was given in response to the same nine questions.
Pawel Abbott Hammered in a superb goal to get Town off and running and troubled the Hull defence all game with his effort Rating
The mental effort rating
scale consisted of labeled values ranging from 0 (no effort) to 9 (extremely high effort) and was adapted from Paas (1992; see also Paas, Tuovinen, Tabbers, & van Gerven, 2003).
Each task yields one mental effort rating
and one quantitative performance score.
A mental effort rating
scale was used to measure mental effort invested in both the instruction and the test phases.
They defined efficiency as the ratio of the level of performance to rating of mental effort, E=P/R (P: performance measure, R: mental effort rating