egocentrism


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egocentrism

or

egocentricity

(PSYCHOLOGY) the state of being centred on the self. Though this term may be used to describe adult behaviour it is most theoretically useful in the context of CHILD DEVELOPMENT theory. According to PIAGET and later theorists, the child moves from a state of egocentrism during which experience is in terms of the self with little understanding of the point of view of ‘others’, to a state where the perspective of ‘others’ can be taken into account. This development process is thus seen as crucial to normal SOCIALIZATION, involving the emergence of the ability to predict other's behaviour, to take others into account and to act accordingly

Egocentrism

 

an attitude toward the world marked by a concentration on oneself; an extreme form of egoism. In philosophy, egocentrism leads to solipsism; in ethics, to individualism. In J. Piaget’s genetic psychology, egocentrism characterizes the stage of development of the child between the ages of three and six and dominates his thinking and speech in this stage. The concept of egocentrism is also used in psychopathology and in several schools of depth psychology, including that of A. Adler.

References in periodicals archive ?
The majority of empirical work has relied on two paper-and-pencil self-report surveys, the Imaginary Audience Scale (IAS; Elkind & Bowen, 1979) and the Adolescent Egocentrism Scale (AES; Enright et al.
The present study was designed to examine the relationship between adolescent egocentrism and cognitive level in college students.
Part of this phenomenon of teacher learning egocentrism could be a lack of understanding of how varied students learn.
This inquiry is not an end in itself, but the beginning to a rich engagement with cultural difference by providing opportunities for the decline of egocentrism.
Hence, if we consider the bibliography published by the Genevan investigator, both in the 1920s and early 1930s, we realize that one of the core concepts for the typification of child mentality is the concept of egocentrism (11), which translates a strict centration in one's own point of view, an indifferentiation between objective and subjective elements in physical and social representation (Piaget, 1928c, 34).
Our challenging task is to know when doing right and feeling pride become overshadowed by the egocentrism and desire for self-promotion that are the symptoms of arrogance.
The other new chapter deals with the awakening of individuality after the 1987 lifting of martial law, and the resulting tension between egocentrism and Confucian values.
While Libya's failure to adapt to western-style democracy and the turbulent situation in the country has its inherent causes, the hegemonic designs and egocentrism of the western powers are important factors leading to the Libya crisis.
a global worldview that transcends ethnocentrism and egocentrism .
Their energy comes from reckless consumption, unlimited self-confidence and unrestricted arrogance and egocentrism.