egocentrism


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egocentrism

or

egocentricity

(PSYCHOLOGY) the state of being centred on the self. Though this term may be used to describe adult behaviour it is most theoretically useful in the context of CHILD DEVELOPMENT theory. According to PIAGET and later theorists, the child moves from a state of egocentrism during which experience is in terms of the self with little understanding of the point of view of ‘others’, to a state where the perspective of ‘others’ can be taken into account. This development process is thus seen as crucial to normal SOCIALIZATION, involving the emergence of the ability to predict other's behaviour, to take others into account and to act accordingly

Egocentrism

 

an attitude toward the world marked by a concentration on oneself; an extreme form of egoism. In philosophy, egocentrism leads to solipsism; in ethics, to individualism. In J. Piaget’s genetic psychology, egocentrism characterizes the stage of development of the child between the ages of three and six and dominates his thinking and speech in this stage. The concept of egocentrism is also used in psychopathology and in several schools of depth psychology, including that of A. Adler.

References in periodicals archive ?
Hence, it is concluded that this is a significant difference between husband and wife in terms of their egocentrism area of mental health.
Part of this phenomenon of teacher learning egocentrism could be a lack of understanding of how varied students learn.
This inquiry is not an end in itself, but the beginning to a rich engagement with cultural difference by providing opportunities for the decline of egocentrism. My students now have more tools to draw upon when learning about specific cultural groups and communicating across cultural boundaries, as they can see themselves in the other.
Second, excessive emphasis on self-esteem can lead to narcissism, self-absorption, absence of care/concern towards others, distorted self-perception and egocentrism. In third place, the wish to increase self-esteem can, on the other hand, lead one to seek out the worst in others so that one may positively stand out in contrast.
For Piaget (1936/1969), another consequence of egocentrism is the insensibility of the child to contradictions; for example, he may initially affirm that wooden boats sail because they are light, and some minutes later, argue that big boats do not sink because they are heavy.
In this sense, he states: <<Child mentality configures, with respect to adult mentality, the same relation that a new animal species holds with the species from which it descends, if, with transformism, we admit that the new epistemic characteristic that typifies the prelogical thought of the smaller child, egocentrism, asserts itself as a state of indifferentiation between the subjective aspects of the I and the objective aspects of the physical or the social world, which induces the subject to center exclusively in his own point of view, thus deforming his representation of reality and of others>> (Psychopedagogie et mentalite enfantine, 1928c, 34).
Noted psychologist and social philosopher Erich Fromm described "self-love" as distinct from arrogance, conceit, or egocentrism. (1) He believed that loving oneself means caring about oneself, taking responsibility for oneself, respecting oneself, and knowing oneself.
The three accounts are naive realism, egocentrism, and cognitive-informational processing.
Are their personality defects the result of a pervasive, technology-driven egocentrism? Is theirs a kind of antisocial behavior encouraged by phony socializing--digital interactions, texting, even having personal letters written by a hired hand--in which people don't experience fully engaged conversation or the consequence of hurting someone's feelings in person?
"Rampant individualism, egocentrism and materialistic consumerism, weaken social bonds, fuelling that 'throw away' mentality which leads to a contempt for, and the abandonment of, the weakest," he said.
This new marriage of ultimate egocentrism and animism is evident in this important exhibition.
These three levels of sustainability are intendedto embed sustainability through compassion and decreasing egocentrism, making each person a potential leader.