Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.
Related to Einkorn: emmer



a group of wheat species in which usually only one grain develops in each spikelet. The compact, flattened head, or ear, has a fragile axis. The spikelets are arranged on the axis singly or in two rows; they are biflorate, with one fertile flower and one usually underdeveloped flower. The grain is scaly and cannot be threshed. The plants are diploid, having two sets of seven chromosomes. Of the four species, one is cultivated and three are wild.

The cultivated species, Triticum monococcum, is a spring plant measuring up to 130 cm high. Its stems are resistant to lodging. In the USSR, the plant is encountered in the Crimea and the Caucasus, where it grows as a rare admixture among plantings of other wheats and as a weed. In some countries of southern Europe, it is grown as a feed crop.

The wild einkorns—wild small spelt (T. boeoticum), T. thaoudar, and T. urarthu—differ from the cultivated einkorn in a number of ways. They are winter crops, and they are shorter than T. monococcum. Their stems generally lodge, and their ears are narrower and more fragile. T. boeoticum and T. thaoudar grow along dry mountain slopes and in light mountain forests in the Balkans, the Crimea, the Caucasus, Asia Minor, and Southwest Asia. T. urarhu is encountered on dry foothills in Armenia. The young plants are suitable for livestock feed. The hard beaks and awns of the spikelets of mature plants can damage the stomach wall of animals.


Zhukovskii, P. M. Kul’turnye rasteniia i ikh sorodichi, 3rd ed. Leningrad, 1971.


Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
In addition, einkorn wheat populations were located in the sector of GR, GP, and SRL, which means that these populations had a greater performance for these traits under drought stress conditions.
3/4 cup warm water 1 tablespoon honey 2 1/4 teaspoons active dry yeast 1 teaspoon salt 2 teaspoons caraway seeds 2 teaspoons fennel seeds 2 tablespoons extra-virgin olive oil 1 3/4 cups all-purpose organic einkorn flour, plus more for dusting 3/4 cup rye flour [1] In large bowl, whisk together water, honey and yeast; let stand until foamy, 10 minutes.
They cultivated six-row barley, einkorn and emmer wheat, jujubes and dates,
urartunot einkorn wheat [32] and also don't agree with the results of Guzman et al.
Except for wheat breeders, producers, and scientists, few people have probably ever heard of einkorn wheat (Triticum monococcum), an ancient variety still cultivated in some parts of the Mediterranean.
First planted as a crop in Turkey's Karacadag Mountains 7,500 years ago, einkorn is high in B vitamins and has trhee to four times more beta carotene than other wheat.
A gene isolated from one of the earliest cultivated wheat species, Einkorn wheat (Triticum monococcum), confers resistance to a deadly version of stem rust, scientists report June 27 in Science.
Besides traditional rice and pasta, the so-called "ancient grains," among them spelt, einkorn and kamut, have elbowed their way into the national consciousness, landing in modern consumers' shopping carts in unprecedented numbers.
Dated archeological remains of einkorn wheat in settlement sites near Karacadag Mountain Range in Turkey confirm the first known cultivation around 7000 B.
It is one of the first crops that were grown in the near East, almost at the same time as einkorn and emmer wheat.