eisteddfod

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eisteddfod

(īstĕth`vəd, –vôd) [Welsh,=session], Welsh competitive festival. Contests traditionally are held in all the arts and crafts, with special emphasis on music and poetry. The National Eisteddfod is held annually for one week in August, alternately in the north and the south, but local eisteddfods are held throughout Wales during the year. A historical institution (12th cent.), it is important in maintaining national feeling and preserving the Welsh language and culture and is enthusiastically supported by the Welsh. Its outstanding ceremony is the "chairing" of the winning bard. The bardic assembly (gorsedd) has been a part of the National Eisteddfod since 1819. The Llangollen International Musical Eisteddfod, begun in 1947 at Llangollen, Denbighshire, is held annually in July, and features choral, instrumental, and folk music and dance performed by some 4,000 artists.

Eisteddfod

Early August
The Royal National Eisteddfod of Wales dates back to the 12th century. Its purpose is to encourage the preservation of Welsh music and literature, and only those who sing or write in Welsh may enter the competitions. The annual event opens with the blowing of trumpets, followed by all kinds of musical and literary contests—harp playing, solo and choral singing, dramatic presentations, and poetic composition. Prizes and degrees are awarded to the winners.
The National Eisteddfod is held in northern Wales one year and southern Wales the next. Other Eisteddfodau are held in Welsh communities elsewhere from May to November.
See also Cynonfardd Eisteddfod
CONTACTS:
Eisteddfod Genedlaethol Cymru
40 Parc Ty Glas, Llanisien
Cardiff, Wales CF4 5WU United Kingdom
44-29-2076-3777; fax: 44-29-2076-3737
www.eisteddfod.org.uk
SOURCES:
AnnivHol-2000, p. 147
BkFest-1937, p. 60
BkHolWrld-1986, Aug 3
DictFolkMyth-1984, p. 342
GdWrldFest-1985, p. 100
IntlThFolk-1979, p. 191
MusFestEurBrit-1980, p. 150

Eisteddfod

ancient congress of bards, still held annually in Wales. [Music Hist.: Benét, 305]
References in periodicals archive ?
More than 120 small eisteddfodau are held throughout Wales each year.
Dana and I have been asking organisers of Eisteddfodau what help they require, As a result of our discussions we are drawing up plans to help find adjudicators and comperes.
Ms Jones said more than 120 small eisteddfodau are held throughout Wales each year, and that figure is growing.
Mr Sion said the winners from the district Eisteddfodau go onto the regional heats staged on a county basis.
We co-operate with the National Eisteddfod in many aspects and organise a choral competition in which choirs have to compete at two smaller Eisteddfodau to be eligible to appear at the National Eisteddfod.
Cardiff takes advantage of people going to things like Eisteddfodau and fleeces them," said Mr O'Brien, of Trawsfynydd, Gwynedd.
Now the Heritage Lottery Fund has awarded Cymdeithas Eisteddfodau Cymru (the society of eisteddfodau) pounds 55,000 to help reverse what it calls the 'worrying trend' of the past decade.
This is the shortlist of 30 from which you can pick the final seven Welsh wonders: Snowdon Pontcysyllte aqueduct The Llangernyw Yew Caerphilly Castle Second Severn Crossing Rhossili beach Britain's smallest house, Conwy Milford Haven waterway Millennium Stadium Blaenau Ffestiniog slate landscape National Library of Wales Eisteddfodau The Great Glasshouse, National Botanic Garden of Wales Dinorwig power station The Pembrokeshire islands Tower Colliery Portmeirion Pentre Ifan cromlech, Pembrokeshire Sarn Helen Wales Millennium Centre Welsh lamb The coracle The Welsh Cob The Welsh Culinary Team Patagonia Tom Jones The Red Lady of Paviland The Mabinogion The triple harp Pistyll Rhaeadr, Powys.
I still compete but living in Cardiff makes it more difficult because there are not as many Eisteddfodau in the area.
SMALL Eisteddfodau should use more new technology to encourage more competitors.
Normally the venue for subsequent eisteddfodau is fixed more than two years in advance, to allow early work to start on local fundraising while the Eisteddfod is in the region it will revisit two years later.
SMALL village eisteddfodau are continuing to thrive it was revealed at the National Eisteddfod in Llanelli yesterday.