eisteddfod

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eisteddfod

(īstĕth`vəd, –vôd) [Welsh,=session], Welsh competitive festival. Contests traditionally are held in all the arts and crafts, with special emphasis on music and poetry. The National Eisteddfod is held annually for one week in August, alternately in the north and the south, but local eisteddfods are held throughout Wales during the year. A historical institution (12th cent.), it is important in maintaining national feeling and preserving the Welsh language and culture and is enthusiastically supported by the Welsh. Its outstanding ceremony is the "chairing" of the winning bard. The bardic assembly (gorsedd) has been a part of the National Eisteddfod since 1819. The Llangollen International Musical Eisteddfod, begun in 1947 at Llangollen, Denbighshire, is held annually in July, and features choral, instrumental, and folk music and dance performed by some 4,000 artists.

Eisteddfod

Early August
The Royal National Eisteddfod of Wales dates back to the 12th century. Its purpose is to encourage the preservation of Welsh music and literature, and only those who sing or write in Welsh may enter the competitions. The annual event opens with the blowing of trumpets, followed by all kinds of musical and literary contests—harp playing, solo and choral singing, dramatic presentations, and poetic composition. Prizes and degrees are awarded to the winners.
The National Eisteddfod is held in northern Wales one year and southern Wales the next. Other Eisteddfodau are held in Welsh communities elsewhere from May to November.
See also Cynonfardd Eisteddfod
CONTACTS:
Eisteddfod Genedlaethol Cymru
40 Parc Ty Glas, Llanisien
Cardiff, Wales CF4 5WU United Kingdom
44-29-2076-3777; fax: 44-29-2076-3737
www.eisteddfod.org.uk
SOURCES:
AnnivHol-2000, p. 147
BkFest-1937, p. 60
BkHolWrld-1986, Aug 3
DictFolkMyth-1984, p. 342
GdWrldFest-1985, p. 100
IntlThFolk-1979, p. 191
MusFestEurBrit-1980, p. 150

Eisteddfod

ancient congress of bards, still held annually in Wales. [Music Hist.: Benét, 305]
References in periodicals archive ?
As many as 20,000 fans would turn up to cheer on their favourites as they competed in prestigious eisteddfodic competitions or at festivals in London.
It is a festival of festivals and not just rigidly Eisteddfodic.
Rhodri Glyn Thomas, Plaid Cymru chairman of the culture committee, said afterwards that whether the Eisteddfodic age of protests is over ``will depend on whether the administration can ensure that the recommendations are put into effect''.
Glesni and Manon, both well known in Eisteddfodic circles, were said to be shocked by their ordeal.
If "penillion" music sung on today's eisteddfodic stages is considered old - it dates back to the 18th Century - the work of Bob and Mary-Anne must be reckoned pre-historic.
One of the papers couldn't resist telling its Home Counties readership that Mr Brunstrom is also one of those strange eisteddfodic druids, as if that had anything to do with employing Poles .
In other words, the eisteddfodic Armageddon many flatearthers We predicted would follow in the brewers' wake has failed to materialise.
She was a stalwart of the eisteddfodic scene and won the Grace Williams Medal for composition at the Urdd National Eisteddfod in Pwllheli in 1982.
The fact that the Powys Eisteddfod - like its counterpart on Anglesey - has its own Gorsedd is, no doubt, a bonus, and an inspiration to many people in eisteddfodic circles.
He was well known in eisteddfodic circles and was knighted in 1958.
Among its workforce in the early 1950s was renowned singer Richie Thomas who won many Eisteddfodic prizes.