The 15 most-invasive exotics are Acer platanoides, Alliaria petiolata, Brassica nigra, Bromus inermis, Dipsacus sylvestris, Elaeagnus umbellata, Festuca elatior, Lotus corniculatus, Lysimachia nummularia, Morus alba, Pastinaca sativa, Phalaris arundinacea, Potamogeton crispus (in the Big Blue River), Rosa multiflora, and Sisymbrium loeselii.
Mesic old fields are typically dominated by such plants as Bromus inermis, Dactylis glomerata, Daucus carota, Elaeagnus umbellata, Festuca elatior, Geum laciniatum, Lonicera maackii, Rosa multiflora, and Solidago canadensis.
Frequent to abundant woody species in Wesley Wet Area include Acer saccharinum, Campsis radicans, Cercis canadensis, Elaeagnus umbellata, Fraxinus pennsylvanica, Populus deltoides, Rosa setigera, and Salix nigra.
saccharum, Campsis radicans, Elaeagnus umbellata, Fraxinus pennsylvanica, Gleditsia triacanthos, Platanus occidentalis, Rosa multiflora, R.
No exotic shrubs or trees were encountered in the plots, but Elaeagnus umbellata
(autumn olive), Rhamnus cathartica (common buckthorn), and Rosa multiflora (multiflora rose) were occasionally encountered at the edges of the prairie.
The most notable of these aggressive species affecting Sand Ridge State Forest are: Alliaria petiolata (garlic mustard), Elaeagnus umbellata
(autumn olive), a non-native invasive shrub in the United States, threatens to decrease biodiversity in natural areas throughout Michigan.
Fuller's Teasel Elacagnaceae Elaeagnus umbellata
The Effects of a Prescribed Burn as a Control Method of the Invasive Plant Elaeagnus umbellata
Paschke MW, Dawson JO, David MB (1989) Soil nitrogen mineralization in plantations of Juglans nigra interplanted with actinorhizal Elaeagnus umbellata
or Alnus glutinosa.
The species include Carya ovata, Comus drummondii, Crataegus mollis, Fraxinus americana, Prunus serotina, Elaeagnus umbellata
, and Rosa multiflora.
Autumn olive, Elaeagnus umbellata
, is a nitrogen-fixing shrub covered with silvery-green leaves and a profusion of red berries in late September and October, says Fordham.