eland


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eland

(ē`lənd), large, spiral-horned African antelopeantelope,
name applied to any of a large number of hoofed, ruminant mammals of the cattle family (Bovidae), which also includes the bison, buffalo, sheep, and goats. Found in Africa and Eurasia, they range in size from pygmy antelopes, 12 in.
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, genus Taurotragus, found in brush country or open forest at the edge of grasslands. Elands live in small herds and are primarily browsers rather than grazers. The two species of eland are the largest of all living antelopes. The common eland, T. oryx, of S and E Africa, stands almost 6 ft (1.8 m) high at the shoulder and may weight up to 2,000 lb (910 kg). Its oxlike body is light brown, with a few narrow white stripes running across the back and down the sides. It has a hump between the shoulders, a short, erect, black mane, and a long tail with a short, black tuft. Both sexes have spiral horns about 2 ft (60 cm) long, stretching straight back from the head. The common eland is easily tamed, and some attempts have been made at domestication. The giant eland, T. derbianus, of W and central Africa, is slightly larger than the common eland and has horns up to 4 ft (1.2 m) long. Its numbers have been greatly reduced by hunting for meat and hides and by rinderpest, a now-eradicated cattle disease to which elands were particularly susceptible. By 1968 the giant eland was nearly extinct in W Africa, where it is now found mainly in Senegal. Elands are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Mammalia, order Artiodactyla, family Bovidae.

eland

1. a large spiral-horned antelope, Taurotragus oryx, inhabiting bushland in eastern and southern Africa. It has a dewlap and a hump on the shoulders and is light brown with vertical white stripes
2. giant eland a similar but larger animal, T. derbianus, living in wooded areas of central and W Africa
References in periodicals archive ?
Eland hunting--proper eland hunting, on foot--is one of the most pleasurable, satisfying forms of hunting there is.
Chairman of the Ynys Mn Island Games committee, Dave Tommis, added: "We hope our athletes are successful again this year in Eland.
Drumming up support for community education on the steel pans are, from left to right, Barbara Rawlins, Jackie Bray, Ann Cooper, Betty Eland, Gwen Albutt and Winnie Bell.
Eland will also be signing copies of his book Diary Rooms, which is dedicated to McGeown, as well as soldier David Dalzell who was killed in Afghanistan days after writing his postcard.
The common eland prefers habitats with a wide variety of fl owering plants--savannah, woodlands, and open and montane grasslands, and avoids dense forests.
The Russians built a fortress on one of the Eland islands around the time this schooner sank and two decades it was destroyed in the Crimean War.
Mrs Eland, 68, lived at Fitzwilliam Street and Mr Eland, 69, was from Dalton.
Eventually things settled down, and the eland and warthogs came back.
Noemio Valadao has been appointed Spectrum Eland Logistics' new distribution manager.