Elapidae

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Elapidae

[ə′lap·ə‚dē]
(vertebrate zoology)
A family of poisonous reptiles, including cobras, kraits, mambas, and coral snakes; all have a pteroglyph fang arrangement.

Elapidae

 

a family of snakes, closely related to the grass snake, from which they differ by having grooved, poisonous teeth in the anterior upper jaw. All Elapidae are very poisonous. Their poison acts primarily on the nervous system; it is used in medicine. The bite of large snakes of the family Elapidae, such as the cobra, is often fatal to man. There are 41 genera, including 181 species; they are found in Australia, southern Asia, Africa, and South and Central America. They live on the ground or, less frequently, in trees. They feed on Muridae, lizards, other snakes, and frogs. The majority are carnivorous. The best-known genera are the cobra (Naja) in Africa and southern Asia (there is one species in Turkmenia, USSR), the krait (Bungarus) in Asia, the black snake (Pseudechis) in Australia, the mamba (Dendraspis) in Africa, and the coral snake (Micrurus-Elaps) in tropical and subtropical America.

REFERENCE

Terent’ev, P. V. Gerpetologiia. Moscow, 1961.

P. V. TERENT’EV

References in periodicals archive ?
The diagnosis of elapid neurotoxic snake bite, especially when the patient is unaware of being bitten or where the culprit has not been identified, may occasionally be difficult.
The venom of Australia's dangerous elapid snakes is powerfully neurotoxic, attacking nerve cells and thus causing weakness and paralysis.
Observations regarding the surgical removal of the venom glands of an elapid.
Walterinnesia aegyptia a monotypic, elapid snake found in Africa and as well as in the sandy areas of Kuwait, Syria, Saudi Arabia, Lebanon, Jordan, Iran, Iraq, and Egypt (Russell, 1991).
Phylogenetic Relationships of Elapid Snakes Based on Cytochrome b mtDNA Sequences Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution.
Reverse thermoregulatory patterns in nocturnal snakes have been recorded in a small temperate boid, the rubber boa (Charina bottae), and in a nocturnal elapid from southeastern Australia, the broad-headed snake (Hoplocephalus bungaroides).
Electrocardiographic abnormalities in patients bitten by taipans (Oxyuranus scutellatus canni) and other elapid snakes in Papua New Guinea.
Acanthophis slightly modified the typical elapid morphology which allowed it to approach but not achieve viper-like kinematics.
Monophyly of Elapid snakes (Serpentes: Elapidae): an assessment of the evidence.
Not only are the basics of first aid covered, but also an explanation of the major components of the venom of Australian elapid snakes.
In a prospective study conducted by David G et al (2) in Port Mores General hospital in Papua New Guinea between march 1990 and june1992 they studied ECG's of 139 patients envenomated by Elapid snakes in that 76 patints had ECG abnormalities,commonest abnormalities were septal T wave invertion and bradycardia including AV block.