At the same time, the associated variation in mechanical performance is assessable through strain-induced elastic buckling
instability for mechanical measurements (SIEBIMM), a high throughput metrology to manifest thin film mechanical properties.
where E is the modulus of elasticity of steel, [F.sub.y] is the yield strength of steel, K is the effective length factor, L is the laterally unbraced length of the member, r is the radius of gyration of the member, and [F.sub.e] is the elastic buckling
strength given by (3).
Schafer  has developed semi-analytical finite strip method for elastic buckling
of cold-formed steel sections.
When the [L.sub.u]/ [d.sub.sf_Is.sup.e] is between 30 and 45, elastic buckling
occurred in all of the SFCBs.
9] has used this spectrum to analyze plastic collapse load, ultimate strength, shear buckling strength and elastic buckling
strength of corroded plates with irregular surfaces.
, presented an analytical procedure for the elastic buckling
problems of thin-walled members with variable-thickness cross sections.
In the classical theory of elastic buckling
, the coupling terms of translational displacements and axial rotation are ignored in the regime of small deformation [1-3].
It revealed that the using CFRP to slender sections increases axial capacity, strength-to-weight ratio, and elastic buckling
stress up to 4 times.
(i) load corresponding to the elastic buckling
stage (ii) load resisted by tension field action and (iii) load contributed by the flanges.
The elastic buckling
property of nanotubes is both an advantage and a limitation when used as a scanned probe 2, 10].
Ru, "Elastic buckling
of single-walled carbon nanotube ropes under high pressure," Physical Review B, vol.
Tong, "Elastic buckling
of web plates in I-girders under patch and wheel loading," Engineering Structures, vol.