In Figure 5 by keeping the value of the nonlocal parameter and

elastic force constant at 0.05 and 0 MPa, respectively and it is drawn in the low-temperature region, where the coefficient of thermal expansion has negative values.

The

elastic force in the lattice Boltzmann equation [k.sub.i] is defined as:

The volumetric

elastic force density components [nabla] x [sigma] = ([F.sub.x], [F.sub.y], [F.sub.z]) = [F.sub.elastic] of an isotropic medium can be expressed in terms of partial derivatives of the local displacement field as

For the iced messenger wire, the lumped external forces include the

elastic forces acted by droppers and the

elastic force acted by masts, and the distributed external forces include the damping force and the aerodynamic force.

In this case, the work of the whole system is realized in such way that the mass M does not fluctuate, and the oscillating system with mass m and the spring stiffness k, fluctuates so that

elastic force of the spring is equal in magnitude and opposite in direction to the disturbing force [P.sub.0] sin [omega]t .

Typically, these deadweight machines are used to calibrate

elastic force transducers (load cells), which output a voltage when a force is applied to the transducer.

Applying the physical principle known as local symmetry to the

elastic force law (Hooke's law), this theory (the field theory) formulates all stages of deformation on the same theoretical basis.

It was shown that with the formation of such structures an

elastic force develops within the droplets which tends to keep the shape unchanged.

One of the purposes of push-over analysis is determining displacement and

elastic force limit.

Although the patterns of both types of mounting technology have similar traits--higher in the corners, lower in the center--the spring/pressure tensioned systems display higher center

elastic force and greater range across the whole foil area compared with the mesh-mounted stencils.