Owing to the small number of vacancies, the

elastic modulus of the material varies slightly, but the downward trends of the three quantities are not obvious.

This work tried to provide this guidance using a cost-effective FEM process, by first establishing the reasonable criteria to assess scratch performance in FEM and then unveiling the coupling effect of

elastic modulus and yield strength on scratch behavior.

When executing the algorithm, the increase or decrease in the

elastic modulus value (Table 2) was considered according to the percent deviation between the experimental frequencies and the frequencies obtained from FEM (Equation 3).

The highest

elastic modulus has been showed by Cavex Cream Alginate(r) at all times, elucidating that this material is the stiffest at all time points.

A two-way repeated measures ANOVA was performed on averaged biceps brachii shear

elastic modulus with the factors condition (PAS vs LV) and time (PRE, POST-EX and POST-REC).

The

elastic modulus for creep analysis was obtained by using (15) based on previous modeling work [12, 28] based on Maruyama's C-CBM model [15].

Thus, the

elastic modulus contrast of the tumor to the surrounding tissue was enhanced by the compression, and this allows much better identification of the tumor.

T] is the ultrasonic transverse wave propagating velocity, [mu] is Poisson's ratio, E is the

elastic modulus, and G is the shear modulus.

Thus, 50 teeth yielded 300 dentine and 300 enamel measurements of nanohardness and the

elastic modulus as well as 100 measurements of the friction coefficient.

Figure 3 shows the

elastic modulus and hardness obtained by nanoindents in cells adjacent to the bondline.

Moreover, cortical bone is frequently modeled by assuming a constant

elastic modulus across the thickness of the cortical bone.

From the above analysis, it is confirmed that the shear strength of the infill material controls the load carrying capacity and

elastic modulus of the interface effects the pull - out displacements.