Election Day


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Election Day

Tuesday following the first Monday in November
Election Day, the day on which Americans vote for their elected officials, is held on the Tuesday after the first Monday in November. Americans vote for their president and vice president every four years on that Tuesday. They vote for their U.S. representatives every two years during even-numbered years, and they vote for their U.S. senators every six years—one-third of the U.S. senators are up for reelection every two years. Americans also vote for their state senators, state representatives, and many local officials on this day.
This date was set by Congress in 1845 to correct abuses caused by having allowed each state to appoint its electors any time before the date in December set for their convening. At that time, the nation was primarily rural, so Election Day was set for late fall, after the harvest would be brought in. At that time, many people would have to travel on foot to their courthouse or county seat to cast their vote, which could take a full day. So Election Day was set on a Tuesday to avoid conflict with Sunday church services.
To encourage people to vote, ten states now consider Election Day a legal holiday, and five additional states require employers to give their employees several hours off to allow them to vote. In other states, some employers give their employees the day off. Even so, millions of Americans do not take advantage of what may be their most valuable privilege.
CONTACTS:
Federal Election Commission
999 E. St. N.W.
Washington, D.C. 20463
800-424-9530 or 202-694-1100; fax: 202-219-8504
www.fec.gov
SOURCES:
AmerBkDays-2000, p. 752
AnnivHol-2000, p. 199
DictDays-1988, p. 36
PatHols-2006, p. 83
References in periodicals archive ?
Plutarco Elias Calles in 1915 to discourage violence and abstentionism on election day. Elias Calles later served as Mexican president from 1924 to 1928.
A campaign can save valuable time if it identifies in advance where to focus its efforts and works with lawyers before Election Day to make sure the staff has all the necessary forms.
By Election Day, Sierra Club Votes reported that 12,000 volunteers had knocked on more than one million doors in nine battleground states.
On Election Day, only those voters likely to cast a ballot agreeable to the Coalition should get calls from the organization reminding them to vote.
The individuals would continue the calls all election day, from the time the polls opened at 7:30 in the morning until they closed at night.
On election day, "lawyers and trained field staff need to be integrated into the campaign," Young said, "so that they can identify problems, determine a remedy, and solve the voters' problems in the precinct within five minutes so that the voters can go about their business."
A ministry survey showed that 185 municipalities in 13 prefectures do not want to count ballots on election day. Some said they would have to spend considerable sums on taxis and accommodations for officials working late, while others said long hours of counting could threaten the correctness of tallies.
One option is called "early voting," in which voting machines are available at county clerks' offices or other official locations for voters to come in person and cast their ballots as early as two weeks before Election Day.
"Nobody canvasses on election day because it is a waste of time," he said.
They aren't happy with Congressional Republicans, but they're ready to register a protest against Clinton on election day by voting against Democratic candidates."
"Simply put: It's necessary."(5) This endorsement came a full 6 weeks before Election Day.
Winning senators and representatives of party-lists may be proclaimed two weeks after the elections, while those in the local posts may be proclaimed 24 to 36 hours after the Election Day.