v] < h), the gap is assumed to be an insulator, there are no free electrical charges on the surface and the normal component of the electric displacement field vanishes.
v] [greater than or equal to] h) the normal component of the electric displacement field or the free charge is assumed to be proportional to the difference between the potential of the foundation and the body's surface potential, with k as the proportionality factor.
The stress intensity factor and electric displacement
intensity factor on the left side of the crack tip obtained by CS-XFEM and XFEM in different crack lengths are shown in Table 6.
As a direct consequence of (10c), the flux of the electric displacement
vector across [S.
The maximum electric displacement
obtained from the dipolar D-E loops of composite films under the breakdown field was summarized in Fig.
Electrical energy is equal to one half of multiplying the electric displacement
tensor in the corresponding electric field tensor.
4a shows stress intensity factor, 4b electric displacement
, 4c stress in r direction of polar cylindrical coordinates.
The armrest console controls include a joystick, which controls engine speed and ground speed via the electric displacement
controls on the hydrostatic transmissions.
d], an electric potential field [phi] : [OMEGA] x [0, T] [right arrow] R and an electric displacement
field D : [OMEGA] x [0, T] [right arrow] [R.
The remnant polarization (Pr) obtained from electric displacement
versus electric field (D-E) hysteresis data are 80 and 50 mC/[m.
Electric remote control with 1 rpm option: When series 90 pumps are equipped with an electric displacement
control, the drum speed may be set via control console in the truck cab and outside near the chute.
i] are stresses and electric displacements
of piezoelectric wafer (p) of layer (l), respectively.