electric vehicle

(redirected from electric range)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

electric vehicle

[i¦lek·trik ′vē·ə·kəl]
(mechanical engineering)
A ground vehicle propelled by a motor powered by electrical energy from rechargeable batteries or other source onboard the vehicle, or from an external source in, on, or above the roadway; examples include the electrically powered golf cart, automobile, and trolley bus.

Electric vehicle

A ground vehicle propelled by a motor that is powered by electrical energy from rechargeable batteries or other source onboard the vehicle, or from an external source in, on, or above the roadway. Examples are the golf cart, industrial truck and tractor, automobile, delivery van and other on-highway truck, and trolley bus. In common usage, electric vehicle refers to an automotive vehicle in which the propulsion system converts electrical energy stored chemically in a battery into mechanical energy to move the vehicle. This is classed as a battery-only-powered electric vehicle. The batteries provide the power to propel the vehicle, and to power the lights and all accessories such as air conditioning and radio. The other major class is the hybrid-electric vehicle, which has more than one power source such as battery power with a small internal combustion engine or a fuel cell. See Automobile

electric vehicle

(Electric Vehicle) An automobile that is powered entirely or partially by electricity. Although prototype electric vehicles (EVs) were invented in the 1800s and various models were built in the 1900s, the EV industry only began in earnest after the turn of the century.

The advantage of an EV is fuel economy. All-electric models can reach the equivalent of around 100 MPG. However, they have a distance limit, typically from 40 to 80 miles. When the battery runs out, they have to be charged, which is a problem away from home. There are electric charging stations, but often few and far between.

Hybrids
Hybrid vehicles have no distance limit but are less economical with fuel; generally no more than 50 MPG. In 2010, GM introduced the plug-in, hybrid-electric Chevrolet Volt. The Volt is a gas-powered car that runs on battery for short distances, allowing those commuters to enjoy great economy when plugged into their home's electrical panel overnight. The Volt can last up to 50 miles on its electric charge, at which time the internal combustion engine takes over.

A regular hybrid-electric vehicle such as the Toyota Prius is refilled only with gas, and the vehicle charges the battery. Introduced in 1997, the Prius technology switches automatically between the electric motors and gas engine. Toyota came out with a plug-in hybrid in 2012.

All-Electrics
In 2009, the Tesla Roadster was the first all-electric with a respectable 200 mile range. Rather than retrofitting an electric drive train into an existing chassis, the Tesla was engineered from the ground up as an EV. In 2014, Tesla had sufficient charging stations in the U.S. to enable owners to drive from Los Angeles to New York entirely free, because Tesla has thus far not collected a fee for the service.



First EV Car for the Masses
General Motors built and leased more than a thousand EV1 electric cars from 1996 to 1999 to meet California's environmental deadline. However, the EV program gave way to low-emission gas and hybrid gas-electric cars. This car is in the Smithsonian Institute, Washington, D.C.







The Tesla Roadster
Featuring zero emissions and great handling, the Tesla can go more than 200 miles on a single charge. With a top speed of 125 MPH, it can reach 60 in less than four seconds. (Image courtesy of Tesla Motors, www.teslamotors.com)







Hybrid Diesel Electric
Hybrid electric buses have been operating in New York since 1998. Using low-sulfur diesel fuel and smaller diesel engines, these vehicles produce a fraction of the emissions of a standard diesel bus.
References in periodicals archive ?
ADVANCED: Liberty Electric Car developed an electric Range Rover with a top speed of 100mph
Liberty Electric Cars, an Oxford-based company, is producing more than 1,000 units of the electric Range Rover.
He added: "The Liberty Electric Range Rover takes electric vehicle technology into a new sector, to large luxury cars that people aspire to drive, particularly in cities and urban environments where environmental controls are becoming increasingly tighter.
Dacor's 30-inch electric range allows users to control the heating element by touch.
The new FB20-35K PAC bears a close resemblance to the company existing 4 wheel electric range.
The cost for such a vehicle would add anywhere from $2,500 to $10,000 to its price tag, depending on an HEV's electric range, the study reported.
the green, electric powertrain company that offers breakthroughs in electric range for medium and large vehicles, today announced it is the recipient of Frost & Sullivan's 2009 Technology Innovation of the Year Award.
For thirty-six (36") inch/ heavy duty electric range.
Furthermore, the all-electric driving performance has been substantially improved with regard to electric acceleration, the electric range and electric top speed.
The organisation has also been involved in the Switch EV project, the demonstrator project which will bring 35 electric vehicles to the region to trial, and is currently leasing an electric Range Rover and a Nissan LEAF.
BRIGHT SPARK Tim Lamb general manager of the Metrocentre with the new E-Range electric Range Rover
By effectively adding existing hydraulic components to its standard electric range Arburg has also trimmed the price, and the Hidrive is being sold at 25 per cent less than its Alldrive electric equivalents, and 15 per cent more than the equivalent standard hydraulic Allrounder.