electrodynamics

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electrodynamics,

study of phenomena associated with charged bodies in motion and varying electric and magnetic fields (see chargecharge,
property of matter that gives rise to all electrical phenomena (see electricity). The basic unit of charge, usually denoted by e, is that on the proton or the electron; that on the proton is designated as positive (+e
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; electricityelectricity,
class of phenomena arising from the existence of charge. The basic unit of charge is that on the proton or electron—the proton's charge is designated as positive while the electron's is negative.
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); since a moving charge produces a magnetic fieldfield,
in physics, region throughout which a force may be exerted; examples are the gravitational, electric, and magnetic fields that surround, respectively, masses, electric charges, and magnets. The field concept was developed by M.
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, electrodynamics is concerned with effects such as magnetismmagnetism,
force of attraction or repulsion between various substances, especially those made of iron and certain other metals; ultimately it is due to the motion of electric charges.
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, electromagnetic radiationelectromagnetic radiation,
energy radiated in the form of a wave as a result of the motion of electric charges. A moving charge gives rise to a magnetic field, and if the motion is changing (accelerated), then the magnetic field varies and in turn produces an electric field.
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, and electromagnetic inductioninduction,
in electricity and magnetism, common name for three distinct phenomena. Electromagnetic induction is the production of an electromotive force (emf) in a conductor as a result of a changing magnetic field about the conductor and is the most important of the
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, including such practical applications as the electric generator and the electric motor. This area of electrodynamics, often known as classical electrodynamics, was first systematically explained by the physicist James Clerk Maxwell. Maxwell's equations, a set of differential equations, describe the phenomena of this area with great generality. A more recent development is quantum electrodynamics, which was formulated to explain the interaction of electromagnetic radiation with matter, to which the laws of the quantum theoryquantum theory,
modern physical theory concerned with the emission and absorption of energy by matter and with the motion of material particles; the quantum theory and the theory of relativity together form the theoretical basis of modern physics.
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 apply. The physicists P. A. M. Dirac, W. Heisenberg, and W. Pauli were the pioneers in the formulation of quantum electrodynamics. When the velocities of the charged particles under consideration become comparable with the speed of light, corrections involving the theory of relativityrelativity,
physical theory, introduced by Albert Einstein, that discards the concept of absolute motion and instead treats only relative motion between two systems or frames of reference.
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 must be made; this branch of the theory is called relativistic electrodynamics. It is applied to phenomena involved with particle accelerators and with electron tubes that are subject to high voltages and carry heavy currents.

Electrodynamics

The study of the relations between electrical, magnetic, and mechanical phenomena. This includes considerations of the magnetic fields produced by currents, the electromotive forces induced by changing magnetic fields, the forces on currents in magnetic fields, the propagation of electromagnetic waves, and the behavior of charged particles in electric and magnetic fields. Classical electrodynamics deals with fields and charged particles in the manner first systematically described by J. C. Maxwell, whereas quantum electrodynamics applies the principles of quantum mechanics to electrical and magnetic phenomena. Relativistic electrodynamics is concerned with the behavior of charged particles and fields when the velocities of the particles approach that of light. Cosmic electrodynamics is concerned with electromagnetic phenomena occurring on celestial bodies and in space. See Electromagnetism, Quantum electrodynamics, Relativistic electrodynamics

electrodynamics

[i‚lek·trō·dī′nam·iks]
(electromagnetism)
The study of the relations between electrical, magnetic, and mechanical phenomena.

electrodynamics

the branch of physics concerned with the interactions between electrical and mechanical forces
References in periodicals archive ?
Having reviewed and synthesized his theoretical work in a companion volume, Popa here presents the applications of the theory to modeling the properties of atomic, molecular, and electrodynamic systems.
i] in (6) leads to the infinite energy densities and renormalization masses that plague both the quantum field theory and the stochastic electrodynamic theory.
An interdisciplinary team of researchers, led by Autumn, later confirmed speculation that the gecko's climbing ability depends on van der Waals forces, which are weak electrodynamic forces that operate over very small distances but bond to nearly any material.
Over the past several years, a NIST-led project has carried out a precise calculation of the most basic quantum electrodynamic (QED) effect in the spectrum of hydrogen, namely the radiative process in which the atom emits and then reabsorbs a photon (the quantum of electromagnetic radiation).
Chapter Titles: The evolvement of solids handling technology; Explosion hazards in powder handling and processing: the changes ahead; Practical solutions to critical solids handling problems; New developments in the containment of pharmaceutical powders; Powder products and structure; Granular powders and solids: Insights from numerical simulations; Flow aid technology; Wheat flour milling: a case study in processing of particulate foods; Experimental observations of powder consolidation; Process and powder handling improvements resulting from particle emission measurement and powder mass flow monitoring using electrodynamic technology: a case study
According to Broadax, electrodynamic shock and vibration testing results showed that the computer can endure 10gs of operating shock and 0.
6 million effort led by NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center to use an electrodynamic tether - which would draw energy from the Earth's magnetic field - as a thruster for spaceflight.
The experiment will demonstrate the use of an electrodynamic tether--basically a long, thin wire--for propulsion.
Contract award: delivery electrodynamic vibration table.
With their latest acquisitions (Environne'tech and Dirac subsidiaries), the Group is now equipped with more than 40 electrodynamic shakers and 50 anechoic chambers.
Theory of Quantum and Classical Connections in Modeling Atomic, Molecular and Electrodynamic Systems
Vehicles would be charged wirelessly through electrodynamic induction or energy transfer lasers via charging pads embedded on the surface of the road.