This effect is a quantum-mechanical phenomenon whereby an electrically charged particle is affected by an electromagnetic potential
, even if the electric and magnetic fields vanish at its location.
Terracini, "Solutions to nonlinear Schrodinger equations with singular electromagnetic potential
and critical exponent," Journal of Fixed Point Theory and Applications, vol.
In classical theory, the basic equations of an electron in an electromagnetic potential
A and V are given by the relativistic Hamilton--Jacobis' equation,
In case there is not only the electromagnetic potential
but also gravitational potential, the octonion torque will be reduced to
For instance, the electromagnetic potential
operators are defined by
We define the electromagnetic potential
method of the package COMSOL Multiphysics can be used for the following strategies:
The important length scale is the inter-atomic spacing, because electrons are affected by the electromagnetic potential
of each atom.
(12) After preliminary pilot studies in CFS patients aimed at optimizing the emitters for maximum beneficial effects in CFS, we evaluated the effect of exposure to electromagnetic potential
pulsed at the Schumann fundamental frequency on 19 patients with CFS using three different designs of the emitter.
Roughly put, the AB effect unequivocally shows that there exists physical interaction between the electromagnetic potential
and charged microscopic objects.
Then the effective mass [m.sub.z] in the zeropoint field is approximately equal to the electromagnetic mass which is proportional to the electromagnetic potential
due to charge e at the center of mass position.