G., "Toward a stable marching-on-in-time method for two- dimensional transient

electromagnetic scattering problems," Radio Science, Vol.

With the development of modern science and technology, the

electromagnetic scattering of coated targets becomes more and more important in military and technology.

All the methods above only study the

electromagnetic scattering of rough surface with buried object corresponding to single incidence frequency, which cannot provide elaborate data for the detection of buried object.

A fast volume integral equation algorithm with dyadic Green's function [11] was developed to simulate the

electromagnetic scattering from large inhomogeneous objects embedded in a planarly layered medium.

Section 2.1 presents the nonlinear 2-D

electromagnetic scattering equations, Section 2.2 describes a scheme to discretize the scattering equations and constructs the nonlinear forward solver, Section 2.3 focuses on the sparsity-constrained minimization problem and its solution using the thresholded NLW iterations, and Section 2.4 describes a frequency hopping scheme to be used together with the NLW iterations under excitations with multiple frequencies.

Soleimani, "

Electromagnetic scattering from inhomogeneous planar layered media using notation of propagators," Journal of Electromagnetic Waves and Applications, Vol.

Kim, "Transient

electromagnetic scattering from dielectric objects using the electric field integral equation with laguerre polynomials as temporal basis functions," IEEE Trans.

The

electromagnetic scattering of N nonconnected perfect electric conductor (PEC) objects in free space is considered to illustrate EPA.

Rao, "

Electromagnetic scattering by arbitrary shaped three-dimensional homogeneous lossy dielectric objects," IEEE Trans.

Furthermore, with realizing the negative permittivity and permeability, application of isotropic metamaterials was shown in reducing the

electromagnetic scattering via coupling with conventional isotropic materials [7-11].

To show the accuracy of MLCSB-AEFIE at low frequencies, the

electromagnetic scattering by a PEC sphere of 1 m radius is analyzed at 100 Hz.

Electromagnetic scattering from the forest is an important remote sensing problem for agricultural and environmental purposes [29,30].