Each COSMIC-2 satellite, roughly the size of a standard kitchen oven, carries three instruments that detect electron density
and other space weather information in the ionosphere, as well as atmospheric density, temperature, pressure and moisture.
FIELDS will take measurements of the electric and magnetic fields, measure the electron density
, and capture information about the temperature.
They determine the dynamics of electron density
distribution in response to perturbation such as external electric field and electron density
Research is ongoing for indium-aluminum-gallium nitride (InAlGaN) HEMTs for the next generation GaN HEMT that would contribute to increased current, as InAlGaN HEMTs can increase electron density
within the transistor.
Parr, Development of the Colle-Salvetti Correlation-Energy Formula into a Functional of the Electron Density
The electron density
distribution and refractive index distribution of the plasma are nonuniform.
where [[omega].sub.p] is the plasma frequency, v is the electron collision frequency, [omega] is the angular frequency of the propagating electromagnetic wave, n is the electron density
, e is the electron's charge, m is its mass, and 0 is the permittivity of free space.
The transformation of chargers within the adsorbed [H.sub.2] molecule and sensing material was studied through the calculation of electron density
Critical points were searched via topology analysis of the electron density
. In topology analysis language, the points at which the gradient of the electron density
goes to zero (except at infinity) are known as critical points (CPs).
For DSSCs, the ICT process facilitates the aggregation of electrons in the acceptor moiety, and the enhanced electron density
in the acceptor moiety can enhance the electronic coupling effect between acceptor and semiconductor.
The most probable interpretation is that for weak hydrogen bonds the long-range electrostatic forces act far beyond the van der Waals radii cutoff [31, 32] while for strong and very strong interactions the additional forces related to electron density
shifts are more important; these forces lead to the enormous shortening of the H ...
The chemical hardness n can be thought as a resistance of a molecule to exchange electron density
with the environment.