Integrating the differential rate given by (20) over the electron spectrum we obtain the total rate:
Caption: Figure 6: The electron spectrum for bound electrons corresponding to x = 1.
He also considers topological insulators, a new class of materials that could deliver sizable Rashba spin splitting in the surface electron spectrum
when implemented into a gated device structure.
More importantly, by studying the thermal stability of the Ba overlayer on the Ni(110) surface, we demonstrate the sensitivity of the low energy Auger electron spectrum
to the overlayer order.
The electron spectrum of [delta]-doped quantum wells can be calculated from solving the Schrodinger equation jointly with the Poisson one (SP) [28-35,38-47].
In the expression for the electron concentration the term due to the continuous electron spectrum [n.sub.cont] has been taken into account.
Instead, writes Wefel's team, if ATIC's observations are due to dark matter, the electron spectrum
's drop off above 800 billion eV suggests they come from annihilating Kaluza-Klein particles (named after the early-20th-century theorists Theodor Kaluza and Oskar Klein).
While bumps in the cosmic ray electron spectrum have been measured before, they didn't cover the energy range seen in the ATIC experiment, Butt says.
"Between all the various efforts, I think within the next two years, we should be able to say either yes or no as to whether or not these features seen in the electron spectrum are due to dark matter or something else."
NIST researchers recently have measured the single electron spectrum
of a semiconductor heterostructure containing InAs self-assembled quantum dots.
The authors measured the Compton-recoil electron spectrum
, first in the energy region of the so-called Compton profile and more recently in the regime of largest momentum transfer to the bound electrons.
Beacon, which will also sample the electron spectrum
over the poles, handles Polar BEAR's data transmissions.