2 show the correspondence of these tropospheric levels with the main equipotential surfaces [37; 2] = 7.5 km, [38; [infinity]] = 12 km and [38; 2] = 20 km of the fundamental field F, calibrated on the electron wavelength.

2 show the correspondence of the PBL features with the main equipotential surfaces [35; [infinity]] = 600 m, [36; [infinity]] = 1600 m and [37; [infinity]] = 4.5 km of the fundamental field F, calibrated on the electron wavelength. It is noticeable that in 1992 Hess [24] already reviewed scaling aspects of the boundary layer.

2 show the correspondence of the mesopause with the main equipotential surface [40; [infinity]] = 90 km of the fundamental field F, calibrated on the electron wavelength.

2 show the correspondence of the thermopause with the main equipotential surface [42; [infinity]] = 650 km of the fundamental field F, calibrated on the electron wavelength.

While the outer belt maximum corresponds with the main equipotential surface [45; [infinity]] = 13000 km of the fundamental field F, calibrated on the electron wavelength, the inner belt maximum corresponds with the equipotential surface [43; 2] = 3000 km that is the main equipotential surface [51; [infinity]] of the fundamental field F, calibrated on the proton wavelength.

To see quantum size effects, says Avouris, scientists must look at materials on approximately the same scale as the

electron wavelengths. The smaller the terrace, the shorter the wavelengths and the greater the energy and frequency of the electrons trapped there.